Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 434, 1702-1712 (2013/September-2)
A bright ultraluminous X-ray source in NGC 5907.
SUTTON A.D., ROBERTS T.P., GLADSTONE J.C., FARRELL S.A., REILLY E., GOAD M.R. and GEHRELS N.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a multimission X-ray analysis of a bright (peak observed 0.3-10keV luminosity of ∼ 6x1040 erg/s), but relatively highly absorbed ultraluminous X-ray source (ULX) in the edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 5907. The ULX is spectrally hard in X-rays (Γ ∼ 1.2-1.7, when fitted with an absorbed power law), and has a previously reported hard spectral break consistent with it being in the ultraluminous accretion state. It is also relatively highly absorbed for a ULX, with a column of ∼ 0.4-0.9x1022 atom/cm2 in addition to the line-of-sight column in our Galaxy. Although its X-ray spectra are well represented by accretion disc models, its variability characteristics argue against this interpretation. The ULX spectra instead appear dominated by a cool, optically thick Comptonizing corona. We discuss how the measured 9 per cent rms variability and a hardening of the spectrum as its flux diminishes might be reconciled with the effects of a very massive, radiatively driven wind and subtle changes in the corona, respectively. We speculate that the cool disc-like spectral component thought to be produced by the wind in other ULXs may be missing from the observed spectrum due to a combination of a low temperature ( ∼ 0.1keV), and the high column to the ULX. We find no evidence, other than its extreme X-ray luminosity, for the presence of an intermediate mass black hole (MsBHs, ∼ 102-104 M☉) in this object. Rather, the observations can be consistently explained by a massive ( ≳ 20 M☉) stellar remnant black hole in a super-Eddington accretion state.
© 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2013)
accretion, accretion discs - black hole physics - X rays: binaries - X rays: galaxies
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