SIMBAD references

2013MNRAS.434.3348C - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 434, 3348-3367 (2013/October-1)

Galactic accretion and the outer structure of galaxies in the CDM model.


Abstract (from CDS):

We have combined the semi-analytic galaxy formation model of Guo et al. with the particle-tagging technique of Cooper et al. to predict galaxy surface brightness profiles in a representative sample of ∼ 1900 massive dark matter haloes (1012-1014M) from the Millennium II Λ cold dark matter N-body simulation. Here, we present our method and basic results focusing on the outer regions of galaxies, consisting of stars accreted in mergers. These simulations cover scales from the stellar haloes of Milky Way-like galaxies to the `cD envelopes' of groups and clusters, and resolve low surface brightness substructure such as tidal streams. We find that the surface density of accreted stellar mass around the central galaxies of dark matter haloes is well described by a Sèrsic profile, the radial scale and amplitude of which vary systematically with halo mass (M200). The total stellar mass surface density profile breaks at the radius where accreted stars start to dominate over stars formed in the galaxy itself. This break disappears with increasing M200 because accreted stars contribute more of the total mass of galaxies, and is less distinct when the same galaxies are averaged in bins of stellar mass, because of scatter in the relation between M{sstarf} and M200. To test our model, we have derived average stellar mass surface density profiles for massive galaxies at z ~ 0.08 by stacking Sloan Digital Sky Survey images. Our model agrees well with these stacked profiles and with other data from the literature and makes predictions that can be more rigorously tested by future surveys that extend the analysis of the outer structure of galaxies to fainter isophotes. We conclude that it is likely that the outer structure of the spheroidal components of galaxies is largely determined by collisionless merging during their hierarchical assembly.

Abstract Copyright: © 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2013)

Journal keyword(s): methods: numerical - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: fundamental parameters - galaxies: haloes - galaxies: structure

Simbad objects: 19

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