Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 562A, 60-60 (2014/2-1)
Investigating the hard X-ray emission from the hottest Abell cluster A2163 with Suzaku.
OTA N., NAGAYOSHI K., PRATT G.W., KITAYAMA T., OSHIMA T. and REIPRICH T.H.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the results from Suzaku of the hottest Abell galaxy cluster A2163
at z=0.2. To study the physics of gas heating in cluster mergers, we investigated hard X-ray emission from the merging cluster A2163
, which hosts the brightest synchrotron radio halo. We analyzed hard X-ray emission spectra accumulated from two-pointed Suzaku observations. Non-thermal hard X-ray emission should result from the inverse Compton scattering of relativistic electrons by photons in the cosmic microwave background. To measure this emission, the dominant thermal emission in the hard X-ray band must be modeled in detail. To this end, we analyzed the combined broadband X-ray data of A2163
collected by Suzaku and XMM-Newton, assuming single- and multi-temperature models for thermal emission and the power-law model for non-thermal emission. Comparing the non-thermal hard X-ray flux to radio synchrotron emission, we also estimated the magnetic field in the cluster. From the Suzaku data, we detected significant hard X-ray emission from A2163
in the 12-60keV band at the 28σ level (or at the 5.5σ level if a systematic error of the non-X-ray background model is considered). The Suzaku HXD spectrum alone is consistent with the single-temperature thermal model of gas temperature kT=14keV. From the XMM-Newton data, we constructed a multi-temperature model including a very hot (kT=18keV) component in the north-east region. Incorporating the multi-temperature and the power-law models into a two-component model with a radio-band photon index, where Γ=2.18, the 12-60keV energy flux of non-thermal emission is constrained within 5.3±0.9(±3.8)x10–12
erg/s/cm2 (the first and second errors refer to the 1σ statistical and systematic uncertainties, respectively). The 90% upper limit of detected inverse Compton emission is marginal (FNT
erg/s/cm2 in the 12-60keV band). The estimated magnetic field in A2163
is B>0.098µG. While the present results represent a three-fold increase in the accuracy of the broadband (0.3-60keV) spectral model of A2163, more sensitive hard X-ray observations are needed to decisively test for the presence of hard X-ray emission due to inverse Compton emission.
galaxies: clusters: individual: A2163 - galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium - X-rays: galaxies: clusters - cosmology: observations
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