Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 567A, 34-34 (2014/7-1)
The Gemini NICI planet-finding campaign: The offset ring of HR 4796 A.
WAHHAJ Z., LIU M.C., BILLER B.A., NIELSEN E.L., HAYWARD T.L., KUCHNER M., CLOSE L.M., CHUN M., FTACLAS C. and TOOMEY D.W.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present J, H, CH4 short (1.578µm), CH4 long (1.652µm) and Ks-band images of the dust ring around the 10Myr old star HR 4796 A obtained using the Near Infrared Coronagraphic Imager (NICI) on the Gemini-South 8.1m Telescope. Our images clearly show for the first time the position of the star relative to its circumstellar ring thanks to NICI's translucent focal plane occulting mask. We employ a Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo method to constrain the offset vector between the two. The resulting probability distribution shows that the ring center is offset from the star by 16.7±1.3 milliarcseconds along a position angle of 26±3°, along the PA of the ring, 26.47±0.04°. We find that the size of this offset is not large enough to explain the brightness asymmetry of the ring. The ring is measured to have mostly red reflectivity across the JHKs filters, which seems to indicate micron-sized grains. Just like Neptune's 3:2 and 2:1 mean-motion resonances delineate the inner and outer edges of the classical Kuiper belt, we find that the radial extent of the HR 4796 A and the Fomalhaut rings could correspond to the 3:2 and 2:1 mean-motion resonances of hypothetical planets at 54.7AU and 97.7AU in the two systems, respectively. A planet orbiting HR 4796 A at 54.7AU would have to be less massive than 1.6 MJup so as not to widen the ring too much by stirring.
planet-disk interactions - infrared: planetary systems - instrumentation: adaptive optics - Kuiper belt: general - techniques: high angular resolution - methods: statistical
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