Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 569A, 120-120 (2014/9-1)
Binary frequency of planet-host stars at wide separations. A new brown dwarf companion to a planet-host star.
LODIEU N., PEREZ-GARRIDO A., BEJAR V.J.S., GAUZA B., RUIZ M.T., REBOLO R., PINFIELD D.J. and MARTIN E.L.
Abstract (from CDS):
The aim of the project is to improve our knowledge on the multiplicity of planet-host stars at wide physical separations. We cross-matched approximately 6200 square degree area of the southern sky imaged by the Visible Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VISTA) Hemisphere Survey (VHS) with the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) to look for wide common proper motion companions to known planet-host stars. We complemented our astrometric search with photometric criteria. We confirmed spectroscopically the co-moving nature of seven sources out of 16 companion candidates and discarded eight, while the remaining one stays as a candidate. Among these new wide companions to planet-host stars, we discovered a T4.5 dwarf companion at 6.3-arcmin (∼9000au) from HIP70849, a K7V star which hosts a 9 Jupiter mass planet with an eccentric orbit. We also report two new stellar M dwarf companions to one G and one metal-rich K star. We infer stellar and substellar binary frequencies for our complete sample of 37 targets of 5.4±3.8% and 2.7±2.7% (1σ confidence level), respectively, for projected physical separations larger than ∼60-160 au assuming the range of distances of planet-host stars (24-75pc). These values are comparable to the frequencies of non planet-host stars. We find that the period-eccentricity trend holds with a lack of multiple systems with planets at large eccentricities (e>0.2) for periods less than 40-days. However, the lack of planets more massive than 2.5 Jupiter masses and short periods (<40-days) orbiting single stars is not so obvious due to recent discoveries by ground-based transit surveys and space missions.
stars: low-mass - brown dwarfs - techniques: photometric - techniques: spectroscopic - surveys
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/569/A120): list.dat sp/*>
Paragraph 3.2 2MASS 11004999-1103432 is 2MASS J11005013-1103429 in SIMBAD. Paragraph 4. 2MASS J12403635-4059007 is 2MASS J12403655-4059006
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