From binaries to multiples. I. Data on F and G dwarfs within 67 pc of the Sun.
Abstract (from CDS):
Data on the multiplicity of F- and G-type dwarf stars within 67 pc of the Sun are presented. This distance-limited sample based on the Hipparcos catalog contains 4847 primary stars (targets) with 0.5 < V - IC< 0.8 and is >90% complete. There are 2196 known stellar pairs; some of them belong to 361 hierarchical systems from triples to quintuples. Models of companion detection by radial velocity, astrometric acceleration, direct resolution, and common proper motion are developed. They serve to compute completeness for each target, using the information on its coverage collected here. About 80% of companions to the primary stars are detected, but the census of subsystems in the secondary components is only about 30%. Masses of binary components are estimated from their absolute magnitudes or by other methods; the periods of wide pairs are evaluated from their projected separations. A third of binaries with periods shorter than ∼100 yr are spectroscopic and/or astrometric pairs with yet unknown periods and mass ratios. These data are used in the accompanying Paper II to derive unbiased statistics of hierarchical multiple systems.
binaries: general - stars: solar-type - stars: statistics