Astron. J., 147, 94 (2014/May-0)
The solar neighborhood. XXXII. The hydrogen burning limit.
DIETERICH S.B., HENRY T.J., JAO W.-C., WINTERS J.G., HOSEY A.D., RIEDEL A.R. and SUBASAVAGE J.P.
Abstract (from CDS):
We construct a Hertzsprung-Russell diagram for the stellar/substellar boundary based on a sample of 63 objects ranging in spectral type from M6V to L4. We report newly observed VRI photometry for all 63 objects and new trigonometric parallaxes for 37 objects. The remaining 26 objects have trigonometric parallaxes from the literature. We combine our optical photometry and trigonometric parallaxes with 2MASS and WISE photometry and employ a novel spectral energy distribution fitting algorithm to determine effective temperatures, bolometric luminosities, and radii. Our uncertainties range from ∼20 K to ∼150 K in temperature, ∼0.01 to ∼0.06 in log (L/L☉) and ∼3% to ∼10% in radius. We check our methodology by comparing our calculated radii to radii directly measured via long baseline optical interferometry. We find evidence for the local minimum in the radius-temperature and radius-luminosity trends that signals the end of the stellar main sequence and the start of the brown dwarf sequence at Teff ∼ 2075 K, log (L/L☉) ∼ -3.9, and (R/R☉) ∼ 0.086. The existence of this local minimum is predicted by evolutionary models, but at temperatures ∼400 K cooler. The minimum radius happens near the locus of 2MASS J0523-1403, an L2.5 dwarf with V - K = 9.42. We make qualitative arguments as to why the effects of the recent revision in solar abundances accounts for the discrepancy between our findings and the evolutionary models. We also report new color-absolute magnitude relations for optical and infrared colors which are useful for estimating photometric distances. We study the optical variability of all 63 targets and find an overall variability fraction of 36–7+9 % at a threshold of 15 mmag in the I band, which is in agreement with previous studies.
brown dwarfs - Hertzsprung-Russell and C-M diagrams - parallaxes - solar neighborhood - stars: fundamental parameters - stars: low-mass
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/147/94): table1.dat table4.dat notes.dat refs.dat>
Status at CDS:
2MASS J0523-1309 and 2MASS J0523-1402 are probable misprints for 2MASS J0523-1403. LHS2397Aab is a misprint for LHS2397aAB.
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2014AJ....147...94D and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu