2014ApJ...781...28M


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.10.23CEST06:06:14

2014ApJ...781...28M - Astrophys. J., 781, 28 (2014/January-3)

The TRENDS high-contrast imaging survey. IV. The occurrence rate of giant planets around M dwarfs.

MONTET B.T., CREPP J.R., JOHNSON J.A., HOWARD A.W. and MARCY G.W.

Abstract (from CDS):

Doppler-based planet surveys have discovered numerous giant planets but are incomplete beyond several AU. At larger star-planet separations, direct planet detection through high-contrast imaging has proven successful, but this technique is sensitive only to young planets and characterization relies upon theoretical evolution models. Here we demonstrate that radial velocity measurements and high-contrast imaging can be combined to overcome these issues. The presence of widely separated companions can be deduced by identifying an acceleration (long-term trend) in the radial velocity of a star. By obtaining high spatial resolution follow-up imaging observations, we rule out scenarios in which such accelerations are caused by stellar binary companions with high statistical confidence. We report results from an analysis of Doppler measurements of a sample of 111 M-dwarf stars with a median of 29 radial velocity observations over a median time baseline of 11.8 yr. By targeting stars that exhibit a radial velocity acceleration ("trend") with adaptive optics imaging, we determine that 6.5%±3.0% of M-dwarf stars host one or more massive companions with 1 < m/MJ< 13 and 0 < a < 20 AU. These results are lower than analyses of the planet occurrence rate around higher-mass stars. We find the giant planet occurrence rate is described by a double power law in stellar mass M and metallicity F ≡ [Fe/H] such that f(M,F) = 0.039–0.0280.056M0.8-0.9_+1.1^ 10^(3.8±1.2)F. Our results are consistent with gravitational microlensing measurements of the planet occurrence rate; this study represents the first model-independent comparison with microlensing observations.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): methods: observational - planets and satellites: detection - planets and satellites: fundamental parameters - techniques: high angular resolution - techniques: radial velocities

Simbad objects: 128

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Number of rows : 128

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2019
#notes
1 BD+44 4548 PM* 00 05 10.8891772602 +45 47 11.639549811   11.45   9.2   M2Ve 124 0
2 HD 225213 Fl* 00 05 24.4278018131 -37 21 26.504223709 11.074 10.022 8.562 7.589 6.432 M2V 176 0
3 EGM 95 PM* 00 21 56.0447626099 -31 24 21.812262092 13.82 12.635 11.130 10.121 8.919 M1.5 43 0
4 Wolf 1056 PM* 00 38 59.0436387491 +30 36 58.387293197   12.60   10.6   M2.5V 67 0
5 CD-44 170 PM* 00 39 58.8243310853 -44 15 11.582410229 14.079 12.888 11.401 10.433 9.371 M4V 60 0
6 Ross 318 Fl* 01 02 32.2350866427 +71 40 47.334297514   11.736   9.1   M3.0Ve 118 0
7 BD+61 195 PM* 01 02 38.8679928575 +62 20 42.172837073   11.439   8.7   M1.5V 182 0
8 V* YZ Cet Fl* 01 12 30.6367741360 -16 59 56.361313690 15.315 13.885 12.074 10.696 8.938 M4.0Ve 182 0
9 G 3-14 PM* 01 43 20.1788090313 +04 19 17.962195740 13.64 12.45 10.915 9.879 8.614 M2V 112 0
10 V* TZ Ari Fl* 02 00 12.9561933930 +13 03 07.021294655 15.406 14.100 12.298 10.943 9.195 M4.5V 234 0
11 G 244-47 PM* 02 01 35.3406953145 +63 46 11.995703079       10.630   M2.5Ve 40 0
12 BD+02 348 PM* 02 12 20.9874569826 +03 34 32.230562527 12.552 11.477 10.042 9.092 7.988 M1V 143 0
13 BD+47 612 PM* 02 22 14.6440695182 +47 52 48.110234827   10.85   9.104   M0V 100 0
14 V* BX Cet BY* 02 36 15.2666844128 +06 52 17.924295081   13.28   11.405   M3.5V 146 1
15 V* VX Ari Fl* 02 44 15.5094178798 +25 31 24.117029188 13.363 12.141 10.563 9.49 8.115 M3V 172 0
16 BD-11 916 PM* 04 37 41.8658538225 -11 02 19.970320151 13.041 11.838 10.331 9.327 8.137 M1V 91 0
17 Wolf 1539 PM* 04 52 05.7323109095 +06 28 35.589503596 14.791 13.568 12.018 10.854 9.334 M2V 114 1
18 L 736-30 PM* 04 53 49.9799241551 -17 46 24.309239662 13.598 12.443 10.894 9.876 8.671 M3V 68 0
19 LP 776-46 PM* 05 03 20.0842221741 -17 22 24.722641994 14.612 13.371 11.735 10.603 9.192 M3V 68 0
20 NAME Kapteyn's star BY* 05 11 40.5893175460 -45 01 06.353955874 11.624 10.433 8.853 7.9 6.899 M1VIp 270 0
21 G 85-52 PM* 05 12 42.2265962548 +19 39 56.356342775 13.493 12.308 10.746 9.728 8.529 M0V 65 0
22 HD 36395 PM* 05 31 27.3958475290 -03 40 38.021551815 10.626 9.443 7.968 6.996 5.913 M1.5Ve 414 0
23 Ross 46 PM* 05 34 52.1154427007 +13 52 46.712210201   13.46   11.465   M3V 42 0
24 HD 233153 PM* 05 41 30.7305969608 +53 29 23.290085020   11.31   9.343   M1.0V 145 0
25 Ross 47 BY* 05 42 09.2672965388 +12 29 21.611736198 14.264 13.130 11.509 10.298 8.709 M4V 210 0
26 * bet Pic PM* 05 47 17.0876901 -51 03 59.441135 4.13 4.03 3.86 3.74 3.58 A6V 1597 1
27 * bet Pic b Pl 05 47 17.0919798264 -51 03 59.412857187           ~ 305 1
28 G 192-13 PM* 06 01 11.0454819736 +59 35 49.885864880   13.31   10.7   M4.0Ve 59 0
29 LP 838-16 PM* 06 07 43.7362745053 -25 44 41.504356645 14.707 13.484 11.889 10.786 9.391 M3 27 0
30 G 222-11 PM* 06 10 19.8463571757 +82 06 24.324656398   12.214   9.5   M2.5V 86 0
31 HD 42581 Fl* 06 10 34.6152510171 -21 51 52.658021185 10.801 9.607 8.125 7.164 6.121 M1V 382 0
32 HD 42581B BD* 06 10 34.80 -21 52 00.0           T6.5 448 0
33 HD 50281B PM* 06 52 18.0414038629 -05 11 24.039080436   11.47 10.05 9.870   M2.5V 100 1
34 HD 265866 PM* 06 54 48.9577150656 +33 16 05.438570309   11.47   9.650   M3V 173 0
35 BD+05 1668 PM* 07 27 24.49975 +05 13 32.8332 12.558 11.443 9.872 8.699 7.161 M3.5V 325 0
36 G 112-21 PM* 07 28 45.4390299123 -03 17 53.305913300 14.298 13.023 11.456 10.351 8.954 M3V 51 0
37 G 234-5 PM* 07 34 27.4326550030 +62 56 29.361794163       9.973   M0V 59 0
38 LP 783-1 PM* 07 38 40.9603640288 -21 13 28.477943882 14.516 13.294 11.712 10.616 9.229 M3 52 1
39 V* YZ CMi BY* 07 44 40.1726285952 +03 33 08.877830321 13.761 12.831 11.225 9.958 8.263 M4.0Ve 767 0
40 G 113-20 PM* 08 16 07.9814381592 +01 18 09.267240612 12.824 11.63 10.091 9.071 7.851 M2.0V 87 0
41 L 675-81 PM* 08 40 59.2055621000 -23 27 22.598649814   13.2 11.975 11.637 9.37 M3.5V 102 1
42 GJ 317 b Pl 08 40 59.24 -23 27 23.3           ~ 24 1
43 * rho01 Cnc B PM* 08 52 40.8627482955 +28 18 58.824842873   14.80   12.814   M4.5V 113 1
44 G 48-20 PM* 09 30 44.5850506839 +00 19 21.600078961 14.533 13.298 11.710 10.583 9.127 M3.5Ve 64 0
45 BD+36 1970 PM* 09 31 56.3328833946 +36 19 12.825841093       9.799   M1V 70 0
46 L 678-39 PM* 09 36 01.6372518187 -21 39 38.878281901 13.647 12.48 10.906 9.858 8.577 M2.5V 84 0
47 Ross 85 PM* 09 41 10.3603705950 +13 12 34.424857126 13.097 11.891 10.370 9.371 8.182 M2.5V 97 0
48 G 236-2 Fl* 09 42 51.7280326717 +70 02 21.879144922       10.6   M3.5V 78 0
49 BD+63 869 PM* 09 56 08.6712218178 +62 47 18.467640629   10.68 9.18 8.89   M0.5Ve 91 0
50 V* AN Sex RS* 10 12 17.6684359061 -03 44 44.393843397 11.941 10.757 9.264 8.258 7.066 M2V 184 0
51 BD+20 2465 ** 10 19 36.2808024653 +19 52 12.014037746   10.82 9.52 9.19   M4Vae 1111 0
52 BD-09 3070 PM* 10 25 10.8370935977 -10 13 43.289558706 12.834 11.631 10.139 9.161 8.051 M1V 107 0
53 BD+01 2447 PM* 10 28 55.5513010331 +00 50 27.601817738 12.389 11.151 9.650 8.617 7.389 M2.0Ve 245 0
54 Wolf 358 BY* 10 50 52.0312400722 +06 48 29.263582377 14.532 13.319 11.675 10.459 8.889 M4V 214 0
55 Wolf 359 Fl* 10 56 28.826208 +07 00 52.34400 16.706 15.541 13.507 11.684 9.507 M6Ve 620 0
56 HD 95086 * 10 57 03.0216129217 -68 40 02.446874288   7.60 7.36     A8III 114 1
57 Ross 104 PM* 11 00 04.2569699829 +22 49 58.646653116 12.826 11.584 10.020 8.952 7.646 M4V 136 0
58 V* DS Leo BY* 11 02 38.3419263291 +21 58 01.704479733 12.246 11.049 9.572 8.638 7.634 M1.0V 157 0
59 HD 95735 Fl* 11 03 20.19400 +35 58 11.5682 10.030 8.960 7.520 5.99 4.79 M2+V 610 1
60 CD-23 9765 PM* 11 09 31.3450134735 -24 35 55.118188235 13.173 11.974 10.446 9.425 8.194 M2V 57 0
61 HD 97101B PM* 11 11 02.5375659927 +30 26 41.317154374   12.39 9.983 8.99 7.83 M2V 97 0
62 V* SZ UMa Fl* 11 20 04.8280667918 +65 50 47.349805212 13.24 12.16   8.4   M2V 155 0
63 CD-31 9113 PM* 11 35 26.9474098036 -32 32 23.883014588 12.508 11.322 9.813 8.821 7.664 M2V 118 1
64 Ross 1003 PM* 11 41 44.6360191016 +42 45 07.104818145   13.36 13.795 11.524 9.18 M4.0Ve 84 1
65 Ross 905 PM* 11 42 11.0933874353 +26 42 23.658083337   12.06 10.613 10.272 8.24 M3V 471 1
66 G 254-29 PM* 11 47 41.3885038708 +78 41 28.179367946   12.741   10.0   M4.0Ve 138 0
67 Ross 128 Fl* 11 47 44.3968668170 +00 48 16.404931305 14.223 12.905 11.153 9.859 8.184 M4V 316 0
68 MCC 135 LM* 11 51 07.3365548593 +35 16 19.248830169   11.30 9.802 9.420 7.64 M1.5V 137 0
69 L 758-108 PM* 12 11 11.7598897837 -19 57 38.069257626 14.475 13.276 11.709 10.619 9.253 M3 44 1
70 L 758-107 PM* 12 11 16.9454433080 -19 58 21.714825756   14.286 12.622 12.335   M2.5V 23 1
71 Ross 695 PM* 12 24 52.5025942844 -18 14 32.249916666 13.954 12.863 11.272 10.243 8.991 M2 89 0
72 Wolf 437 PM* 12 47 56.6249317199 +09 45 05.031923360 14.088 12.958 11.395 10.235 8.707 M3.5Ve 95 0
73 BD+13 2618 Fl* 13 00 46.5602816848 +12 22 32.716799085 12.314 11.233 9.750 8.785 7.653 M0V 293 1
74 * e Vir PM* 13 16 46.5161591991 +09 25 26.967205938   5.81   4.8   G0V 495 1
75 BD+11 2576 PM* 13 29 59.7856884759 +10 22 37.784822214 11.728 10.524 9.029 8.07 7.013 M1.0Ve 188 0
76 HD 119850 Fl* 13 45 43.7754528655 +14 53 29.473195472 10.989 9.894 8.50 7.465 6.363 M2V 280 0
77 L 762-51 PM* 13 45 50.7149736370 -17 58 05.610222417 14.581 13.423 11.872 10.725 9.226 M3.5 58 0
78 HD 122303 PM* 14 01 03.1881878880 -02 39 17.514921066 12.343 11.177 9.707 8.745 7.66 M0V 115 0
79 BD+16 2658 PM* 14 29 29.6973349522 +15 31 57.498714295 13.385 12.176 10.676 9.674 8.467 M2/3V 98 0
80 Wolf 1478 PM* 14 31 01.1605068161 -12 17 45.948099466 14.61 13.49 11.903 10.751 9.257 M4 58 0
81 BD-11 3759 BY* 14 34 16.8115600986 -12 31 10.417356933 14.041 12.915 11.317 10.093 8.473 M3.5V 148 0
82 G 239-25 PM* 14 42 21.5759208896 +66 03 20.845074365   12.43 10.708 10.383   M3V 59 0
83 BD+16 2708 Fl* 14 54 29.2359453437 +16 06 03.798840236 12.86 11.686 10.150 9.116 7.872 M3V 234 1
84 BD+16 2708B SB* 14 54 29.4185719182 +16 06 08.616294953           M8.5 129 0
85 BD-07 4003 BY* 15 19 26.8271336166 -07 43 20.190958776 13.403 11.76 10.560 9.461 8.911 M3V 519 2
86 V* EW Dra BY* 16 16 45.3148932337 +67 15 22.477858090   12.20   10.310   M3.0Ve 103 0
87 CD-37 10765A PM* 16 20 03.5069592465 -37 31 44.408435114 13.314 12.145 10.586 9.495 8.116 M3V 53 0
88 G 202-48 PM* 16 25 24.6233091302 +54 18 14.765751243       9.664   M1.5V 144 0
89 BD+25 3173b Pl 16 58 08.8496 +25 44 38.973           ~ 16 1
90 BD+25 3173 PM* 16 58 08.8497933735 +25 44 38.971120252 12.342 11.139 9.655 8.685 7.602 M2V 160 1
91 Ross 863 PM* 17 07 07.4898932675 +21 33 14.469160807 14.435 13.248 11.677 10.579 9.239 M3V 67 0
92 Wolf 654 PM* 17 11 34.7478014979 +38 26 33.914612444       11.255   M4V 47 0
93 HD 156384C PM* 17 18 58.8271844065 -34 59 48.612934284 12.96 11.79 10.22 10.05 8.82 M1.5V 157 1
94 G 181-39 PM* 17 19 52.7126409684 +41 42 49.698739005   11.423   10.4   M2V 67 0
95 BD+68 946 PM* 17 36 25.8991699744 +68 20 20.904135942 11.73 10.65   8.3   M3.0V 244 0
96 BD+18 3421 PM* 17 37 53.3467427850 +18 35 30.160739363 12.315 11.109 9.577 8.599 7.525 M1.5Ve 150 0
97 BD+43 2796 PM* 17 43 55.9631098729 +43 22 43.000698258   12.05   10.066   M2V 106 0
98 NAME OGLE 2006-BLG-109 * 17 52 34.55 -30 05 15.7           ~ 61 1
99 NAME Barnard's star BY* 17 57 48.4997994034 +04 41 36.111354228 12.497 11.24 9.511 8.298 6.741 M4V 623 2
100 HD 165222 PM* 18 05 07.5787546501 -03 01 52.753216025 12.09 10.878 9.360 8.385 7.304 M0V 184 0
101 G 205-28 PM* 18 31 58.3750852493 +40 41 11.007002875   12.85 12.046 11.562   M3.5Ve 31 0
102 LP 229-17 PM* 18 34 36.6519183696 +40 07 26.381868262       11.104   M4V 48 0
103 Ross 145 PM* 18 41 59.0356870572 +31 49 49.761626262   12.84 13.126 10.845   M2V 57 0
104 Ross 154 Fl* 18 49 49.3638007809 -23 50 10.453568573 13.528 12.235 10.495 9.278 7.703 M3.5Ve 314 0
105 Ross 730 PM* 19 07 05.5652386812 +20 53 16.917224360 13.54 12.397 10.774 9.745 8.543 M2.0V 123 0
106 HD 349726 PM* 19 07 13.2038777698 +20 52 37.255872400 13.553 12.383 10.771 9.739 8.531 M2V 125 0
107 G 207-19 PM* 19 08 29.9254500552 +32 16 51.610673872   13.46   11.371   M3V 33 0
108 HD 180617 BY* 19 16 55.2565250393 +05 10 08.038856129 11.768 10.63 9.115 8.076 6.782 M3-V 337 0
109 G 262-15 PM* 20 30 32.0455058633 +65 26 58.410103877   12.00   10.124   M3V 122 0
110 BD+44 3567 PM* 20 45 04.0991768849 +44 29 56.643391465   12.03 10.704 10.299 8.57 M2V 115 0
111 LP 816-60 PM* 20 52 33.0167129662 -16 58 29.007763625 14.094 13.029 11.458 10.251 8.658 M4V 57 0
112 HD 199305 PM* 20 53 19.7890710784 +62 09 15.813717444   10.459   7.7   M1.0Ve 176 0
113 Wolf 918 PM* 21 09 17.4274978426 -13 18 09.019135738 13.501 12.362 10.869 9.891 8.805 M1V 116 0
114 HD 209290 PM* 22 02 10.2751729794 +01 24 00.830153206 11.838 10.616 9.146 8.213 7.245 M0.5V 175 0
115 BD-05 5715 PM* 22 09 40.3443754647 -04 38 26.651267098 13.006 11.868 10.366 9.279 7.877 M3.5V 214 1
116 BD-05 5715b Pl 22 09 40.3445 -04 38 26.648           ~ 31 1
117 Ross 271 PM* 22 11 30.0939588447 +18 25 34.302018675 12.852 11.737 10.232 9.204 7.965 M2V 78 0
118 BD-15 6290 BY* 22 53 16.7323107416 -14 15 49.303409936 12.928 11.749 10.192 9.013 7.462 M3.5V 829 1
119 BD-15 6290b Pl 22 53 16.73352 -14 15 49.3186           ~ 216 1
120 HD 216899 PM* 22 56 34.8047291749 +16 33 12.353727149 11.323 10.143 8.638 7.657 6.542 M1.5Ve 224 0
121 * alf PsA ** 22 57 39.04625 -29 37 20.0533 1.31 1.25 1.16 1.11 1.09 A4V 1099 3
122 HD 217987 PM* 23 05 52.0354545522 -35 51 11.058757520   8.82 7.34     M2V 209 0
123 HD 218396 El* 23 07 28.7156905667 +21 08 03.302133882   6.21 5.953     F0+VkA5mA5 854 1
124 CD-26 16501 PM* 23 10 15.7442594238 -25 55 52.704272779 14.068 12.808 11.273 10.256 9.064 M2V 50 0
125 G 68-8 PM* 23 21 37.4483801312 +17 17 25.392071786 14.299 13.236 11.710 10.514 8.942 M3.5Ve 62 0
126 BD+57 2735 PM* 23 24 30.5145080333 +57 51 15.516771965   11.56   9.586   M1.5Ve 90 0
127 Ross 248 BY* 23 41 55.0361186415 +44 10 38.825189497   14.19   11.1   M5.0V 264 0
128 V* BR Psc BY* 23 49 12.5251391270 +02 24 04.403044891 11.532 10.427 8.993 8.029 6.946 M1VFe-1 273 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2019.10.23-06:06:14

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