Astrophys. J., 783, 1 (2014/March-1)
Optical/Near-infrared polarization survey of Sh 2-29: magnetic fields, dense cloud fragmentations, and anomalous dust grain sizes.
SANTOS F.P., FRANCO G.A.P., ROMAN-LOPES A., REIS W. and ROMAN-ZUNIGA C.G.
Abstract (from CDS):
Sh 2-29 is a conspicuous star-forming region marked by the presence of massive embedded stars as well as several notable interstellar structures. In this research, our goals were to determine the role of magnetic fields and to study the size distribution of interstellar dust particles within this turbulent environment. We have used a set of optical and near-infrared polarimetric data obtained at OPD/LNA (Brazil) and CTIO (Chile), correlated with extinction maps, Two Micron All Sky Survey data, and images from the Digitized Sky Survey and Spitzer. The region's most striking feature is a swept out interstellar cavity whose polarimetric maps indicate that magnetic field lines were dragged outward, piling up along its borders. This led to a higher magnetic strength value (~400 µG) and an abrupt increase in polarization degree, probably due to an enhancement in alignment efficiency. Furthermore, dense cloud fragmentations with peak AV between 20 and 37 mag were probably triggered by its expansion. The presence of 24 µm point-like sources indicates possible newborn stars inside this dense environment. A statistical analysis of the angular dispersion function revealed areas where field lines are aligned in a well-ordered pattern, seemingly due to compression effects from the H II region expansion. Finally, Serkowski function fits were used to study the ratio of the total-to-selective extinction, revealing a dual population of anomalous grain particle sizes. This trend suggests that both effects of coagulation and fragmentation of interstellar grains are present in the region.
dust, extinction - evolution - H II region - ISM: individual(Sh 2-29) - ISM: magnetic fields - stars: formation - techniques: polarimetric
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/783/1): table1.dat>
Fig. 4, Table 2: [SFR2014] pN (Nos p1-p5).
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