Astrophys. J., 784, 75 (2014/March-3)
Impact of magnetic fields on ram pressure stripping in disk galaxies.
RUSZKOWSKI M., BRUGGEN M., LEE D. and SHIN M.-S.
Abstract (from CDS):
Ram pressure stripping can remove significant amounts of gas from galaxies in clusters and massive groups and thus has a large impact on the evolution of cluster galaxies. Recent observations have shown that key properties of ram-pressure-stripped tails of galaxies, such as their width and structure, are in conflict with predictions by simulations. To increase the realism of existing simulations, we simulated for the first time a disk galaxy exposed to a uniformly magnetized wind including radiative cooling and self-gravity of the gas. We find that magnetic fields have a strong effect on the morphology of the gas in the tail of the galaxy. While in the purely hydrodynamical case the tail is very clumpy, the magnetohydrodynamical case shows very filamentary structures in the tail. The filaments can be strongly supported by magnetic pressure and, wherever this is the case, the magnetic fields vectors tend to be aligned with the filaments. The ram pressure stripping process may lead to the formation of magnetized density tails that appear as bifurcated in the plane of the sky and resemble the double tails observed in ESO 137-001 and ESO 137-002. Such tails can be formed under a variety of situations, both for the disks oriented face-on with respect to the intracluster medium (ICM) wind and for the tilted ones. While this bifurcation is the consequence of the generic tendency for the magnetic fields to produce very filamentary tail morphology, the tail properties are further shaped by the combination of the magnetic field orientation and the sliding of the field past the disk surface exposed to the wind. Despite the fact that the effect of the magnetic field on the morphology of the tail is strong, magnetic draping does not strongly change the rate of gas stripping. For a face-on galaxy, the field tends to reduce the amount of gas stripping compared to the pure hydrodynamical case, and is associated with the formation of a stable magnetic draping layer on the side of the galaxy exposed to the incoming ICM wind. For significantly tilted disks, the situation may be reversed and the stripping rate may be enhanced by the "scraping" of the disk surface by the magnetic fields sliding past the ISM/ICM interface. Instabilities, such as gravitational instabilities, undo the protective effect of this layer and allow the gas to leak out of the galaxy.
galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium - magnetic fields
erratum vol. 790, art. 83 (2014)
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