High-resolution ultraviolet radiation fields of classical T Tauri stars.
FRANCE K., SCHINDHELM E., BERGIN E.A., ROUEFF E. and ABGRALL H.
Abstract (from CDS):
The far-ultraviolet (FUV; 912-1700 Å) radiation field from accreting central stars in classical T Tauri systems influences the disk chemistry during the period of giant planet formation. The FUV field may also play a critical role in determining the evolution of the inner disk (r < 10 AU), from a gas- and dust-rich primordial disk to a transitional system where the optically thick warm dust distribution has been depleted. Previous efforts to measure the true stellar+accretion-generated FUV luminosity (both hot gas emission lines and continua) have been complicated by a combination of low-sensitivity and/or low-spectral resolution and did not include the contribution from the bright Lyα emission line. In this work, we present a high-resolution spectroscopic study of the FUV radiation fields of 16 T Tauri stars whose dust disks display a range of evolutionary states. We include reconstructed Lyα line profiles and remove atomic and molecular disk emission (from H2 and CO fluorescence) to provide robust measurements of both the FUV continuum and hot gas lines (e.g., Lyα, N V, C IV, He II) for an appreciable sample of T Tauri stars for the first time. We find that the flux of the typical classical T Tauri star FUV radiation field at 1 AU from the central star is ∼107 times the average interstellar radiation field. The Lyα emission line contributes an average of 88% of the total FUV flux, with the FUV continuum accounting for an average of 8%. Both the FUV continuum and Lyα flux are strongly correlated with C IV flux, suggesting that accretion processes dominate the production of both of these components. On average, only ∼0.5% of the total FUV flux is emitted between the Lyman limit (912 Å) and the H2(0-0) absorption band at 1110 Å. The total and component-level high-resolution radiation fields are made publicly available in machine-readable format.