Astrophys. J., 785, 12 (2014/April-2)
Dynamical evolution of viscous disks around Be stars. II. Polarimetry.
HAUBOIS X., MOTA B.C., CARCIOFI A.C., DRAPER Z.H., WISNIEWSKI J.P., BEDNARSKI D. and RIVINIUS Th.
Abstract (from CDS):
Be stars exhibit variability for a great number of observables. Putting the pieces of the disk dynamics together is not an easy task and requires arduous modeling before achieving a good fit to the observational data. In order to guide the modeling process and make it more efficient, it is very instructive to investigate reference dynamical cases. This paper focuses on continuum polarimetric quantities and is the second of a series that aims to demonstrate the capacity of deriving the dynamical history and fundamental parameters of a classical Be star through follow-up of various observables. After a detailed study of the different opacities at play in the formation of polarized spectra, we investigate predictions of polarimetric observables in the continuum for different dynamical scenarios. Our models are based on a coupling of a hydrodynamic viscous decretion simulations in a disk and a three-dimensional non-LTE radiative transfer code. Through introduction of the polarization color diagram (PCD), we show that certain combinations of polarimetric observables exhibit features that are characteristic of a mass-loss history. This diagram also enables estimates of fundamental parameters such as the inclination angle, disk density scale, and the α viscous diffusion parameter. We present the PCD as a powerful diagnosis tool to track the dynamical phases of a Be star, such as disk build-up, dissipation, periodic, and episodic outbursts. Finally, we confront our models with observations of four Be stars that exhibited long-term polarimetric activity.
circumstellar matter - radiative transfer - stars: emission-line, Be - stars: individual: (π Aquarii, 60 Cygni, δ Scorpii, ψ Persei) - techniques: polarimetric
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