Astrophys. J., 785, 151 (2014/April-3)
Quantitative spectroscopy of blue supergiants in metal-poor dwarf galaxy NGC 3109.
HOSEK M.W.Jr, KUDRITZKI R.-P., BRESOLIN F., URBANEJA M.A., EVANS C.J., PIETRZYNSKI G., GIEREN W., PRZYBILLA N. and CARRARO G.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a quantitative analysis of the low-resolution (∼4.5 Å) spectra of 12 late-B and early-A blue supergiants (BSGs) in the metal-poor dwarf galaxy NGC 3109. A modified method of analysis is presented which does not require use of the Balmer jump as an independent Teffindicator, as used in previous studies. We determine stellar effective temperatures, gravities, metallicities, reddening, and luminosities, and combine our sample with the early-B-type BSGs analyzed by Evans et al. to derive the distance to NGC 3109 using the flux-weighted gravity-luminosity relation (FGLR). Using primarily Fe-group elements, we find an average metallicity of  = -0.67±0.13, and no evidence of a metallicity gradient in the galaxy. Our metallicities are higher than those found by Evans et al. based on the oxygen abundances of early-B supergiants ( = -0.93±0.07), suggesting a low α/Fe ratio for the galaxy. We adjust the position of NGC 3109 on the BSG-determined galaxy mass-metallicity relation accordingly and compare it to metallicity studies of H II regions in star-forming galaxies. We derive an FGLR distance modulus of 25.55±0.09 (1.27 Mpc) that compares well with Cepheid and tip of the red giant branch distances. The FGLR itself is consistent with those found in other galaxies, demonstrating the reliability of this method as a measure of extragalactic distances.
galaxies: abundances - galaxies: distances and redshifts - galaxies: individual: NGC 3109 - stars: early-type - supergiants
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