Identification of a jet-driven supernova remnant in the Small Magellanic Cloud: possible evidence for the enhancement of bipolar explosions at low metallicity.
LOPEZ L.A., CASTRO D., SLANE P.O., RAMIREZ-RUIZ E. and BADENES C.
Abstract (from CDS):
Recent evidence has suggested that the supernova remnant (SNR) 0104-72.3 in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) may be the result of a "prompt" Type Ia SN on the basis of enhanced iron abundances and its association with a star-forming region. In this paper, we present evidence that SNR 0104-72.3 arose from a jet-driven bipolar core-collapse (CC) SN. Specifically, we use serendipitous Chandra data of SNR 0104-72.3 taken because of its proximity to the calibration source SNR E0102-72.3. We analyze 56 Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer (ACIS) observations of SNR 0104-72.3 to produce imaging and spectra with an effective exposure of 528.6 ks. We demonstrate that SNR 0104-72.3 is highly elliptical relative to other nearby young SNRs, suggesting a CC SN origin. Furthermore, we compare ejecta abundances derived from spectral fits to nucleosynthetic yields of Type Ia and CC SNe, and we find that the iron, neon, and silicon abundances are consistent with either a spherical CC SN of a 18-20 M☉ progenitor or an aspherical CC SN of a 25 M☉progenitor. We show that the star formation history at the site of SNR 0104-72.3 is also consistent with a CC origin. Given the bipolar morphology of the SNR, we favor the aspherical CC SN scenario. This result may suggest jet-driven SNe occur frequently in the low-metallicity environment of the SMC, consistent with the observational and theoretical work on broad-line Type Ic SNe and long-duration gamma-ray bursts.