2014ApJ...789..124D


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.10.31CET12:33:12

2014ApJ...789..124D - Astrophys. J., 789, 124 (2014/July-2)

The black hole mass function derived from local spiral galaxies.

DAVIS B.L., BERRIER J.C., JOHNS L., SHIELDS D.W., HARTLEY M.T., KENNEFICK D., KENNEFICK J., SEIGAR M.S. and LACY C.H.S.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present our determination of the nuclear supermassive black hole (SMBH) mass function for spiral galaxies in the local universe, established from a volume-limited sample consisting of a statistically complete collection of the brightest spiral galaxies in the southern (δ < 0°) hemisphere. Our SMBH mass function agrees well at the high-mass end with previous values given in the literature. At the low-mass end, inconsistencies exist in previous works that still need to be resolved, but our work is more in line with expectations based on modeling of black hole evolution. This low-mass end of the spectrum is critical to our understanding of the mass function and evolution of black holes since the epoch of maximum quasar activity. The sample is defined by a limiting luminosity (redshift-independent) distance, DL= 25.4 Mpc (z = 0.00572) and a limiting absolute B-band magnitude, MB= -19.12 . These limits define a sample of 140 spiral galaxies, with 128 measurable pitch angles to establish the pitch angle distribution for this sample. This pitch-angle distribution function may be useful in the study of the morphology of late-type galaxies. We then use an established relationship between the logarithmic spiral arm pitch angle and the mass of the central SMBH in a host galaxy in order to estimate the mass of the 128 respective SMBHs in this volume-limited sample. This result effectively gives us the distribution of mass for SMBHs residing in spiral galaxies over a lookback time, tL ≤ 82.1 h67.77–1 Myr and contained within a comoving volume, VC= 3.37x104 h67.77–3 Mpc3. We estimate that the density of SMBHs residing in spiral galaxies in the local universe is ρ = 5.54–2.736.55x104 h67.773 M/Mpc3. Thus, our derived cosmological SMBH mass density for spiral galaxies is ΩBH = 4.35–2.15+5.14x10–7 h67.77. Assuming that black holes grow via baryonic accretion, we predict that 0.0020–0.0010+0.0023 h67.773 % of the universal baryonic inventory (ΩBHb) is confined within nuclear SMBHs at the center of spiral galaxies.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): black hole physics - cosmology: miscellaneous - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: spiral

Simbad objects: 145

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Number of rows : 145

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NGC 134 GiP 00 30 21.893 -33 14 43.26   11.14 10.12 9.69 10.4 ~ 146 0
2 NGC 150 EmG 00 34 15.4718877833 -27 48 12.767534106   12.04 11.13 10.92 11.7 ~ 172 0
3 NGC 157 EmG 00 34 46.751 -08 23 47.36   11.0 19.00 10.03 10.7 ~ 326 0
4 NGC 210 GiP 00 40 34.9915408968 -13 52 21.998215700   11.8   11.00 11.4 ~ 161 0
5 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11057 1
6 NGC 253 SyG 00 47 33.134 -25 17 19.68   8.03   6.94 8.1 ~ 2957 2
7 NGC 255 GiG 00 47 47.309 -11 28 07.31   12.5   11.82 12.6 ~ 84 0
8 NGC 275 GiP 00 51 04.8 -07 03 59   12.51   12.27   ~ 81 0
9 NGC 289 AGN 00 52 42.365 -31 12 20.99   11.36 13.44 10.38 11.4 ~ 203 0
10 NGC 337 EmG 00 59 50.090 -07 34 40.66 11.97 12.06 11.61 12.4 12.2 ~ 231 1
11 NGC 578 G 01 30 28.548 -22 40 01.96   11.72 10.93 10.63 11.6 ~ 159 0
12 NGC 613 AGN 01 34 18.235 -29 25 06.56   10.77 12.71 9.50 10.6 ~ 351 3
13 NGC 685 G 01 47 42.8350083491 -52 45 42.828444596   12.02   11.08 11.9 ~ 88 0
14 NGC 908 GiP 02 23 04.569 -21 14 01.86   11.03 10.18 9.84 10.6 ~ 176 1
15 NGC 986 EmG 02 33 34.349 -39 02 42.21 11.72 11.74 10.91 10.10 11.3 ~ 168 1
16 NGC 988 EmG 02 35 27.730 -09 21 21.61   11.73   11.01 11.6 ~ 78 0
17 M 77 GiP 02 42 40.771 -00 00 47.84 9.70 9.61 8.87 10.1 9.9 ~ 4124 2
18 NGC 1084 GiG 02 45 59.926 -07 34 43.10 11.22 11.59 10.73 10.55 11.1 ~ 328 2
19 NGC 1097 LIN 02 46 19.059 -30 16 29.68 10.46 9.97 9.48 8.72 9.8 ~ 1187 3
20 NGC 1087 H2G 02 46 25.1544569366 -00 29 55.449975319   11.5   11.4 11.5 ~ 272 0
21 NGC 1187 EmG 03 02 37.5891179515 -22 52 02.463111425   11.41   10.43 11.2 ~ 195 1
22 NGC 1232 EmG 03 09 45.514 -20 34 45.48   10.67 9.87 9.53 10.2 ~ 266 0
23 NGC 1255 GiG 03 13 31.9874763729 -25 43 30.397600049   11.80   10.66 11.5 ~ 135 0
24 NGC 1253 GiP 03 14 09.045 -02 49 22.62   11.8   11.19 11.5 ~ 95 0
25 NGC 1300 GiP 03 19 41.0453355271 -19 24 40.141850719   11.16 10.42 9.90 10.7 ~ 446 0
26 NGC 1317 GiP 03 22 44.2812268852 -37 06 13.162532124 12.20 11.78 11.02 10.22   ~ 184 1
27 NGC 1325 GiP 03 24 25.5763209528 -21 32 38.606979499   12.28 11.55 11.13 11.6 ~ 153 0
28 NGC 1350 GiG 03 31 08.119 -33 37 43.10   11.20 10.52 9.77 10.6 ~ 166 0
29 NGC 1353 EmG 03 32 03.024 -20 49 08.98   12.19 11.35 10.77   ~ 118 0
30 NGC 1357 GiG 03 33 17.094 -13 39 50.98   12.44   11.8 11.3 ~ 135 0
31 NGC 1365 Sy1 03 33 36.458 -36 08 26.37 10.48 10.08 9.63 8.79 9.7 ~ 1541 2
32 IC 1953 GiG 03 33 41.885 -21 28 43.03   12.41   12.3 12.1 ~ 105 0
33 NGC 1367 GiG 03 35 01.351 -24 55 59.19   11.48   9.98 11.1 ~ 171 0
34 NGC 1385 EmG 03 37 28.323 -24 30 04.60 11.28 11.50 10.94 10.45 11.7 ~ 215 2
35 NGC 1398 GiG 03 38 52.130 -26 20 16.22   10.37   8.90 10.1 ~ 209 0
36 NGC 1433 GiG 03 42 01.553 -47 13 19.49   10.84 9.99 9.61 10.2 ~ 309 0
37 NGC 1425 EmG 03 42 11.4841820747 -29 53 36.192654761   11.61   11.6 10.9 ~ 187 0
38 NGC 1448 GiG 03 44 31.915 -44 38 41.38   11.46   10.24 10.9 ~ 227 0
39 IC 2051 G 03 52 00.7661876217 -83 49 50.607122096   12.32   10.89 11.6 ~ 61 0
40 NGC 1511 GiP 03 59 36.98373 -67 38 03.3430   11.97   10.74 11.1 ~ 114 0
41 NGC 1512 GiP 04 03 54.281 -43 20 55.86 11.30 11.43 10.54 10.37   ~ 327 1
42 NGC 1515 EmG 04 04 02.6760862163 -54 06 00.510685440   11.96 11.03 10.48 11.2 ~ 110 0
43 NGC 1532 GiP 04 12 04.334 -32 52 27.16   10.65   9.34 10.4 ~ 133 0
44 NGC 1559 GiG 04 17 35.7501219046 -62 47 01.225146010   11.19 10.45 10.11 10.4 ~ 233 1
45 NGC 1566 Sy1 04 20 00.4020009055 -54 56 16.578104141 10.29 10.19 9.73 9.21 10.1 ~ 728 2
46 NGC 1617 GiP 04 31 39.534 -54 36 08.16   11.35 10.26 9.80   ~ 90 0
47 NGC 1640 G 04 42 14.5047901309 -20 26 05.208440775   12.51 11.72 11.22 12.1 ~ 104 0
48 NGC 1672 SyG 04 45 42.552 -59 14 50.68 10.29 10.53 9.68 9.53 10.2 ~ 320 1
49 NGC 1703 GiG 04 52 52.145 -59 44 31.98   12.31   11.43 11.6 ~ 78 0
50 NGC 1792 EmG 05 05 14.454 -37 58 50.70   10.68 10.18 9.53 10.4 ~ 199 1
51 NGC 1808 Sy2 05 07 42.343 -37 30 46.98 11.05 10.80 9.94 9.36 10.2 ~ 658 3
52 NGC 1832 G 05 12 03.332 -15 41 16.01   12.2   11.07 11.8 ~ 223 1
53 NGC 1964 GiG 05 33 21.7894546695 -21 56 44.156746901 11.79 11.45 10.81 10.42 11.2 ~ 125 1
54 ESO 121-6 GiG 06 07 29.855 -61 48 27.28   13.45   12.09 12.2 ~ 75 0
55 IC 2163 IG 06 16 27.9664196735 -21 22 33.143354242   12.55   11.28   ~ 141 2
56 NGC 2280 EmG 06 44 49.114 -27 38 19.00   11.13   9.77 11.3 ~ 123 0
57 NGC 2397 GiG 07 21 19.8919381967 -69 00 05.014032981   12.85   11.57   ~ 82 0
58 NGC 2442 LIN 07 36 23.842 -69 31 50.96 11.47 11.15 10.42 9.71 10.4 ~ 188 1
59 ESO 209-9 GiG 07 58 15.009 -49 51 05.08   12.68   12.1 11.8 ~ 67 0
60 NGC 2525 EmG 08 05 38.0398571071 -11 25 37.335222861   11.8   10.72 11.5 ~ 83 0
61 ESO 494-26 GiG 08 06 11.0884515264 -27 31 41.539118919   12.47   10.84   ~ 47 1
62 NGC 2559 GiG 08 17 06.074 -27 27 20.95   11.71   10.10 10.7 ~ 69 0
63 NGC 2566 GiG 08 18 45.608 -25 29 58.27   11.81   10.50 11.2 ~ 63 0
64 ESO 60-19 G 08 57 26.741 -69 03 36.13   12.79   11.92 12.0 ~ 46 0
65 NGC 2835 EmG 09 17 52.8544120356 -22 21 16.837188516   11.03   10.32 10.9 ~ 176 0
66 IC 2469 G 09 23 01.058 -32 26 59.14   12   10.51   ~ 46 0
67 NGC 2997 GiG 09 45 38.7537949543 -31 11 27.357027761   9.97 9.41 8.84 9.9 ~ 383 0
68 NGC 3059 G 09 50 08.181 -73 55 19.96   11.56 11.24 10.66 11.5 ~ 73 0
69 IC 2554 IG 10 08 50.563 -67 01 51.07   12.43 13.20 11.24 11.9 ~ 59 0
70 NGC 3137 GiG 10 09 07.478 -29 03 51.48   12.21   10.80 11.9 ~ 51 0
71 NGC 3175 EmG 10 14 42.111 -28 52 19.42   12.14   11.7 11.2 ~ 87 0
72 NGC 3511 GiP 11 03 23.767 -23 05 12.44   11.66   10.53 11.1 ~ 133 0
73 NGC 3521 LSB 11 05 48.5676206040 -00 02 09.228156576 10.06 9.83 9.02 10.1 9.6 ~ 712 2
74 NGC 3621 AGN 11 18 16.300 -32 48 45.36 10.10 9.44 9.56 8.07 10.1 ~ 495 3
75 NGC 3673 EmG 11 25 12.8559318822 -26 44 12.294021546   12.31   11.00 11.6 ~ 79 0
76 NGC 3717 EmG 11 31 31.992 -30 18 27.86   12.21   10.56 11.0 ~ 88 0
77 NGC 3882 GiG 11 46 06.394 -56 23 27.48   12.5   12.4 11.9 ~ 40 1
78 NGC 3887 G 11 47 04.563 -16 51 16.71   11.4   10.37 10.9 ~ 133 0
79 NGC 3936 EmG 11 52 20.592 -26 54 21.19   12.58   11.54 12.2 ~ 73 0
80 NGC 3981 GiP 11 56 07.445 -19 53 46.24   11.75   10.25 11.7 ~ 100 0
81 NGC 4030 GiP 12 00 23.6122434029 -01 06 00.223672461   11.42   10.3 10.4 ~ 294 1
82 NGC 4038 GiP 12 01 53.002 -18 52 03.32   10.91   9.74 11.0 ~ 1279 1
83 NGC 4039 GiP 12 01 53.8 -18 53 06   11.08   9.77   ~ 1132 1
84 NGC 4094 GiG 12 05 53.969 -14 31 35.24   12.1   17.80 11.8 ~ 63 0
85 NGC 4219 G 12 16 27.312 -43 19 27.41   12.71 11.31 11.09 11.9 ~ 66 0
86 NGC 4395 Sy2 12 25 48.8639154223 +33 32 48.694684028 10.84 10.54 10.11 9.98   ~ 1007 1
87 NGC 4487 GiG 12 31 04.4737580846 -08 03 14.545380600   11.7   11.9 11.6 ~ 153 0
88 NGC 4504 GiG 12 32 17.4242792339 -07 33 48.942464109   12.1   11.31 12.3 ~ 111 0
89 M 104 LIN 12 39 59.43185 -11 37 22.9954 9.51 9.55 8.00 8.05   ~ 1285 3
90 NGC 4666 GiP 12 45 08.676 -00 27 42.88   11.7   11.5 10.7 ~ 333 1
91 NGC 4699 GiG 12 49 02.186 -08 39 51.49   10.8   10.01 10.3 ~ 188 0
92 NGC 4731 GiP 12 51 01.095 -06 23 34.98   12.0   16.23 12.0 ~ 143 0
93 NGC 4781 GiG 12 54 23.7742249089 -10 32 13.798659852   11.8   11.28 11.7 ~ 118 0
94 NGC 4818 SBG 12 56 48.907 -08 31 31.08   11   10.88   ~ 133 0
95 NGC 4835 GiG 12 58 07.8806722029 -46 15 50.992300118   12.31 11.74 12.2 11.8 ~ 67 1
96 NGC 4930 GiG 13 04 05.26607 -41 24 41.7280           ~ 59 0
97 NGC 4941 Sy2 13 04 13.1053484000 -05 33 05.754194531   13.18 12.23 10.74   ~ 308 0
98 NGC 4945 Sy2 13 05 27.279 -49 28 04.44   9.31 14.40 7.55   ~ 1277 2
99 NGC 4981 GiG 13 08 48.7428114624 -06 46 38.929483079   12.1   10.91 11.7 ~ 140 0
100 NGC 5042 GiG 13 15 31.3401451628 -23 58 56.691407140   12.49   11.21 11.6 ~ 62 0
101 NGC 5054 GiP 13 16 58.488 -16 38 05.46   11.3   10.36 10.7 ~ 174 1
102 NGC 5121 G 13 24 45.590 -37 40 55.99   12.54 11.41 10.82 11.8 ~ 69 0
103 NGC 5161 EmG 13 29 13.909 -33 10 25.82   12.13 11.00 10.91 11.6 ~ 99 0
104 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 3835 4
105 M 83 SBG 13 37 00.919 -29 51 56.74 8.85 8.11 7.52 7.21   ~ 2250 2
106 NGC 5247 GiG 13 38 03.0179394007 -17 53 02.635368748   10.77   9.96 10.5 ~ 203 0
107 MCG-02-35-010 G 13 38 10.3 -09 48 04   12.5   12.05 12.6 ~ 51 0
108 NGC 5483 GiG 14 10 25.0457425835 -43 19 28.713521522   11.86 11.38 10.62 11.4 ~ 67 0
109 NAME Circinus Galaxy Sy2 14 13 09.906 -65 20 20.47   10.89 9.84 10.6 10.0 ~ 1019 2
110 NGC 5506 AGN 14 13 14.901 -03 12 27.22   15.25 14.38     ~ 998 0
111 NGC 5530 G 14 18 27.2 -43 23 18   11.78 11.00 10.84 11.4 ~ 71 0
112 IC 4402 GiG 14 21 13.092 -46 17 52.44   12.79   11.27 11.7 ~ 46 0
113 IC 4444 rG 14 31 38.6713331932 -43 25 05.990651770   12.25 11.55 11.08 12.2 ~ 60 0
114 NGC 5643 Sy2 14 32 40.778 -44 10 28.60   11.03 13.60 9.92 10.6 ~ 461 0
115 NGC 5713 GiP 14 40 11.528 -00 17 21.16 11.88 11.84 11.20     ~ 354 2
116 NGC 5792 EmG 14 58 22.709 -01 05 27.89   11.8   11.8 11.1 ~ 156 0
117 NGC 6118 EmG 16 21 48.622 -02 17 00.32   13.20   12.0 11.7 ~ 181 0
118 NGC 6215 GiG 16 51 06.811 -58 59 36.46   11.63 11.28 10.25 11.7 ~ 103 0
119 NGC 6221 Sy2 16 52 46.329 -59 13 00.99   10.90 13.45 9.68 10.4 ~ 281 0
120 ESO 138-10 GiG 16 59 02.952 -60 12 57.67   11.57   10.52 10.7 ~ 54 0
121 NGC 6300 Sy2 17 16 59.473 -62 49 13.98   10.88 13.08 9.44 10.2 ~ 363 0
122 NAME Sgr A* X 17 45 40.03599 -29 00 28.1699           ~ 3517 3
123 NAME Gal Center reg 17 45 40.04 -29 00 28.1           ~ 11766 0
124 IC 4721 G 18 34 24.6676247076 -58 29 47.645717717   12.64 11.63 11.29 11.4 ~ 48 0
125 NGC 6744 GiG 19 09 46.099 -63 51 27.14   9.28 8.25 8.08 9.6 ~ 231 0
126 NGC 6814 Sy1 19 42 40.5857305428 -10 19 25.102133898   15.33 14.21 11.7 11.3 ~ 726 0
127 IC 4901 GiG 19 54 23.5583070073 -58 42 49.014795035   12.29   11.02 11.6 ~ 60 0
128 NGC 7095 GiP 21 52 26.5213078181 -81 31 51.037601884   12.22   11.08 12.4 ~ 60 1
129 NGC 7205 G 22 08 34.270 -57 26 33.15   11.77   10.63 11.1 ~ 104 0
130 NGC 7213 Sy1 22 09 16.2106632887 -47 10 00.082166299   10.97 12.08 10.50 10.6 ~ 599 0
131 NGC 7218 EmG 22 10 11.712 -16 39 39.60   12.4   11.48 12.3 ~ 95 0
132 NGC 7314 Sy1 22 35 46.1969940596 -26 03 01.574026329   11.62 13.11 10.61 11.4 ~ 508 0
133 IC 5240 G 22 41 52.368 -44 46 01.66   12.25 11.31 11.06 12.1 ~ 87 0
134 NGC 7410 Sy2 22 55 00.945 -39 39 40.93   11.35 11.80 9.91   ~ 94 0
135 NGC 7418 EmG 22 56 36.1166178933 -37 01 47.864757835   11.66 11.39 10.66 11.3 ~ 150 1
136 NGC 7531 GiG 23 14 48.4568956520 -43 35 59.466769448   11.99 11.26 12.1 11.7 ~ 136 0
137 NGC 7552 GiP 23 16 10.767 -42 35 05.39 11.34 11.22 10.57 10.08 11.1 ~ 510 3
138 NGC 7582 GiP 23 18 23.621 -42 22 14.06 11.62 10.92 10.62     ~ 809 2
139 NGC 7590 GiP 23 18 54.836 -42 14 20.64   12.12 13.76 11.06 11.8 ~ 260 1
140 NGC 7599 GiP 23 19 21.145 -42 15 24.62   11.87 11.41 11.12 11.6 ~ 114 1
141 IC 5325 GiG 23 28 43.4233727817 -41 19 59.731959446 11.80 11.89 11.27 10.73 11.5 ~ 94 1
142 NGC 7689 G 23 33 16.7750416898 -54 05 39.842327316   12.14   11.31 11.8 ~ 71 0
143 NGC 7721 GiG 23 38 48.648 -06 31 04.31   12.4   12.2 11.9 ~ 121 0
144 NGC 7727 GiP 23 39 53.870 -12 17 34.84   11   10.55   ~ 159 0
145 NAME SCP reg ~ ~           ~ 69 0

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2020.10.31-12:33:12

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