Astrophys. J., 790, 84 (2014/August-1)
Very Large Array observations of ammonia in high-mass star formation regions.
LU X., ZHANG Q., LIU H.B., WANG J. and GU Q.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report systematic mapping observations of the NH3(1, 1) and (2, 2) inversion lines toward 62 high-mass star-forming regions using the Very Large Array (VLA) in its D and DnC array configurations. The VLA images cover a spatial dynamic range from 40'' to 3'', allowing us to trace gas kinematics from ∼1 pc scales to ≲ 0.1 pc scales. Based on the NH3 morphology and the infrared nebulosity on 1 pc scales, we categorize three subclasses in the sample: filaments, hot cores, and NH3-dispersed sources. The ubiquitous gas filaments found on 1 pc scales have a typical width of ∼0.1 pc and often contain regularly spaced fragments along the major axis. The spacing of the fragments and the column densities is consistent with the turbulent supported fragmentation of cylinders. Several sources show multiple filaments that converge toward a center where the velocity field in the filaments is consistent with gas flows. We derive rotational temperature maps for the entire sample. For the three hot core sources, we find a projected radial temperature distribution that is best fit by power-law indices from -0.18 to -0.35. We identify 174 velocity-coherent ∼0.1 pc scale dense cores from the entire sample. The mean physical properties for these cores are 1.1 km/s in intrinsic linewidth, 18 K in NH3 rotational temperature, 2.3x1015/cm2 in NH3gas column density, and 67 M☉in molecular mass. The dense cores identified from the filamentary sources are closer to being virialized. Dense cores in the other two categories of sources appear to be dynamically unstable.
ISM: molecules - stars: formation
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/790/84): table1.dat table2.dat table6.dat>
Table 6: [LZL2014] IRAS HHMMm+DDMM PNN N=312, [LZL2014] W33A PNN (Nos P1-P12).
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