Astrophys. J., 795, L35 (2014/November-2)
Discovery of a close pair of faint dwarf galaxies in the halo of Centaurus A.
CRNOJEVIC D., SAND D.J., CALDWELL N., GUHATHAKURTA P., McLEOD B., SETH A., SIMON J.D., STRADER J. and TOLOBA E.
Abstract (from CDS):
As part of the Panoramic Imaging Survey of Centaurus and Sculptor (PISCeS), we report the discovery of a pair of faint dwarf galaxies (CenA-MM-Dw1 and CenA-MM-Dw2) at a projected distance of ∼90 kpc from the nearby elliptical galaxy NGC 5128 (CenA). We measure a tip of the red giant branch distance to each dwarf, finding D = 3.63±0.41 Mpc for CenA-MM-Dw1 and D = 3.60±0.41 Mpc for CenA-MM-Dw2, both of which are consistent with the distance to NGC 5128. A qualitative analysis of the color-magnitude diagrams indicates stellar populations consisting of an old, metal-poor red giant branch ( ≳ 12 Gyr, [Fe/H] ∼ -1.7 to -1.9). In addition, CenA-MM-Dw1 seems to host an intermediate-age population as indicated by its candidate asymptotic giant branch stars. The derived luminosities (MV= -10.9±0.3 for CenA-MM-Dw1 and -8.4±0.6 for CenA-MM-Dw2) and half-light radii (rh= 1.4±0.04 kpc for CenA-MM-Dw1 and 0.36±0.08 kpc for CenA-MM-Dw2) are consistent with those of Local Group dwarfs. CenA-MM-Dw1's low central surface brightness (µ_V, 0_= 27.3±0.1 mag/arcsec2) places it among the faintest and most extended M31 satellites. Most intriguingly, CenA-MM-Dw1 and CenA-MM-Dw2 have a projected separation of only 3 arcmin (∼3 kpc): we are possibly observing the first, faint satellite of a satellite in an external group of galaxies.
galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: halos - galaxies: groups: individual: CenA - galaxies: photometry
Fig. 2, Table 1: [CSC2014] CenA-MM-DwN (Nos Dw1-Dw2).
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