Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 437, 2146-2162 (2014/January-3)
The local hole revealed by galaxy counts and redshifts.
WHITBOURN J.R. and SHANKS T.
Abstract (from CDS):
The redshifts of ~250000 galaxies are used to study the local hole and its associated peculiar velocities. The sample, compiled from the 6dF Galaxy Redshift Survey and Sloan Digital Sky Survey, provides wide sky coverage to a depth of ~300h-1Mpc. We have therefore examined K- and r-limited galaxy redshift distributions and number counts to map the local density field. Comparing observed galaxy n(z) distributions to homogeneous models in three large regions of the high-latitude sky, we find evidence for underdensities ranging from ~4-40 percent in these regions to depths of ~150 h-1Mpc with the deepest underdensity being over the southern Galactic cap. Using the Galaxy and Mass Assembly survey, we then establish the normalization of galaxy counts at fainter magnitudes and thus confirm that the underdensity over all three fields at K < 12.5 is ~15±3 percent. Finally, we further use redshift catalogues to map sky-averaged peculiar velocities over the same areas using the average redshift-magnitude, (m), technique of Soneira. After accounting for the direct effect of the large-scale structure on (m), we can then search for peculiar velocities. Taking all three regions into consideration, the data reject at the ~4σ level the idea that we have recovered the cosmic microwave background rest frame in the volume probed. We therefore conclude that there is some consistent evidence from both counts and Hubble diagrams for a `local hole' with an ~150h-1Mpc underdensity that deeper counts and redshifts in the northern Galactic cap suggest may extend to ~300h-1Mpc.