Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 439, 1680-1739 (2014/April-1)
Parkes full polarization spectra of OH masers - II. Galactic longitudes 240° to 350°.
CASWELL J.L., GREEN J.A. and PHILLIPS C.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
Full polarization measurements of 1665 and 1667MHz OH masers at 261 sites of massive star formation have been made with the Parkes radio telescope. Here, we present the resulting spectra for 157 southern sources, complementing our previously published 104 northerly sources. For most sites, these are the first measurements of linear polarization, with good spectral resolution and complete velocity coverage. Our spectra exhibit the well-known predominance of highly circularly polarized features, interpreted as σ components of Zeeman patterns. Focusing on the generally weaker and rarer linear polarization, we found three examples of likely full Zeeman triplets (a linearly polarized π component, straddled in velocity by σ components), adding to the solitary example previously reported. We also identify 40 examples of likely isolated π components, contradicting past beliefs that π components might be extremely rare. These were recognized at 20 sites where a feature with high linear polarization on one transition is accompanied on the other transition by a matching feature, at the same velocity and also with significant linear polarization. Large velocity ranges are rare, but we find eight exceeding 25 km/s, some of them indicating high-velocity blue-shifted outflows. Variability was investigated on time-scales of one year and over several decades. More than 20 sites (of 200) show high variability (intensity changes by factors of 4 or more) in some prominent features. Highly stable sites are extremely rare.
© 2014 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2014)
masers - polarization - stars: formation - stars: massive - ISM: magnetic fields - ISM: molecules
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