Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 441, 2013-2033 (2014/July-1)
Stellar kinematics of X-ray bright massive elliptical galaxies.
LYSKOVA N., CHURAZOV E., MOISEEV A., SIL'CHENKO O. and ZHURAVLEVA I.
Abstract (from CDS):
We discuss a simple and fast method for estimating masses of early-type galaxies from optical data and compare the results with X-ray derived masses. The optical method relies only on the most basic observables such as the surface brightness I(R) and the line-of-sight velocity dispersion σp(R) profiles and provides an anisotropy-independent estimate of the galaxy circular speed Vc. The mass-anisotropy degeneracy is effectively overcome by evaluating Vc at a characteristic radius Rsweet defined from local properties of observed profiles. The sweet radius Rsweet is expected to lie close to R2, where I(R) ∝ R-2, and not far from the effective radius Reff. We apply the method to a sample of five X-ray bright elliptical galaxies observed with the 6 m telescope BTA-6 in Russia. We then compare the optical Vc estimate with the X-ray derived value, and discuss possible constraints on the non-thermal pressure in the hot gas and configuration of stellar orbits. We find that the average ratio of the optical Vc estimate to the X-ray one is equal to ~0.98 with 11 percent scatter, i.e. there is no evidence for the large non-thermal pressure contribution in the gas at ∼ Rsweet. From analysis of the Lick indices Hβ, Mgb, Fe5270 and Fe5335, we calculate the mass of the stellar component within the sweet radius. We conclude that a typical dark matter fraction inside Rsweet in the sample galaxies is ∼ 60 percent for the Salpeter initial mass function (IMF) and ∼ 75 percent for the Kroupa IMF.