Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 441, 3396-3416 (2014/July-2)
Iron and neutron-capture element abundance variations in the globular cluster M2 (NGC 7089).
YONG D., ROEDERER I.U., GRUNDAHL F., DA COSTA G.S., KARAKAS A.I., NORRIS J.E., AOKI W., FISHLOCK C.K., MARINO A.F., MILONE A.P. and SHINGLES L.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present CN and CH indices and Ca ii triplet metallicities for 34 giant stars and chemical abundances for 33 elements in 14 giants in the globular cluster M2. Assuming that the programme stars are cluster members, our analysis reveals (i) an extreme variation in CN and CH line strengths, (ii) a metallicity dispersion with a dominant peak at [Fe/H] ~ -1.7 and smaller peaks at -1.5 and -1.0, (iii) star-to-star abundance variations and correlations for the light elements O, Na, Al and Si and (iv) a large (and possibly bimodal) distribution in the abundances of all elements produced mainly via the s-process in Solar system material. Following Roederer, Marino & Sneden, we define two groups of stars, `r + s' and `r-only', and subtract the average abundances of the latter from the former group to obtain an `s-process residual'. This s-process residual is remarkably similar to that found in M22 and in M4 despite the range in metallicity covered by these three systems. With recent studies identifying a double subgiant branch in M2 and a dispersion in Sr and Ba abundances, our spectroscopic analysis confirms that this globular cluster has experienced a complex formation history with similarities to M22, NGC 1851 and ω Centauri.
© 2014 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2014)
stars: abundances - Galaxy: abundances - globular clusters: individual: NGC 7089
Tables 1-2: [YRG2014] NR NNNN N=36+6 among (Nos 37-1204).
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