Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 443, 158-167 (2014/September-1)
BACHES - a compact echelle spectrograph for radial-velocity surveys with small telescopes.
KOZLOWSKI S.K., KONACKI M., RATAJCZAK M., SYBILSKI P., PAWLASZEK R.K. and HELMINIAK K.G.
Abstract (from CDS):
We evaluate a pre-production BACHES échelle spectrograph in terms of its usefulness for radial-velocity surveys of binary stars with small telescopes in a remote and autonomous mode. We use the Solaris-4 observatory located in Complejo Astronómico El Leoncito, Argentina, which is part of a global network of autonomous observatories as the test-bed for the instrument. The setup is designed in such a way that spectroscopy and photometry can be carried out using the same telescope without the need to mechanically modify the imaging train. We observe single spectroscopic standard stars as well as binary stars up to 9.75 mag. We present results of mechanical tests of the instruments and spectroscopic observations carried out between 2013 November 26 and December 8. We conclude that BACHES is a very compact and capable spectrograph well suited for remote and autonomous operation. Coupled to a 0.5-m telescope, it is capable of obtaining spectra of 10 mag targets with a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 20 for 30-min exposures. This is a very good result considering the price and size of the instrument. It brings new possibilities to the scientific community and opens a whole new range of research opportunities available to new and existing observatories.