Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 445, 604-613 (2014/November-3)
Emission mechanism of GeV-quiet soft gamma-ray pulsars: a case for peculiar geometry ?
WANG Y., NG C.W., TAKATA J., LEUNG G.C.K. and CHENG K.S.
Abstract (from CDS):
There is a growing new class of young spin-down powered pulsars called GeV-quiet soft gamma-ray pulsar; (1) spectral turnover appears around 10 MeV, (2) the X-ray spectra of below 20 keV can be described by power law with a photon index of around 1.2 and (3) the light curve in X-ray/soft gamma-ray bands shows single broad pulse. Their emission properties are distinct from the normal gamma-ray pulsars, for which the spectral peak in νFν appears in GeV energy bands and the X-ray/gamma-ray light curves show sharp and double (or more) peaks. In this paper, we discuss that X-ray/soft gamma-ray emissions of the GeV-quiet soft gamma-ray pulsars are caused by the synchrotron radiation of the electron/positron pairs, which are created by the magnetic pair-creation process near the stellar surface. In our model, the viewing geometry is a crucial factor to discriminate between the normal gamma-ray pulsars and soft gamma-ray pulsars. Our model suggests that the difference between the magnetic inclination angle (α) and the Earth viewing angle (β) of the soft gamma-ray pulsars is small, so that the synchrotron emissions from the high magnetic field region around the polar cap region dominate in the observed emissions. Furthermore, the inclination angle of the soft gamma-ray pulsar is relatively small, α ≤ 30°, and our line of sight is out of the gamma-ray beam emitted via the curvature radiation process in the outer gap. We also analyse the six year Fermi data for four soft gamma-ray pulsars to determine the upper limit of the GeV flux.
© 2014 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2014)
radiation mechanisms: non-thermal - stars: neutron - pulsars: general - gamma-rays: stars
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