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2015A&A...573A..13D - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 573A, 13-13 (2015/1-1)

FORS2/VLT survey of Milky Way globular clusters. I. Description of the method for derivation of metal abundances in the optical and application to NGC 6528, NGC 6553, M 71, NGC 6558, NGC 6426, and Terzan 8.


Abstract (from CDS):

We have observed almost one third of the globular clusters in the Milky Way, targeting distant and/or highly reddened objects, as well as a few reference clusters. A large sample of red giant stars was observed with FORS2 at VLT/ESO at R∼2000. The method for deriving stellar parameters is presented with application to six reference clusters. We aim at deriving the stellar parameters effective temperature, gravity, metallicity, and alpha-element enhancement as well as the radial velocity to confirm the membership of individual stars in each cluster. We analyse the spectra collected for the reference globular clusters NGC 6528 ([Fe/H]~-0.1), NGC 6553 ([Fe/H]~-0.2), M 71 ([Fe/H]~-0.8), NGC 6558 ([Fe/H]~-1.0), NGC 6426 ([Fe/H]~-2.1), and Terzan 8 ([Fe/H]~-2.2). They cover the full range of globular cluster metallicities, and are located in the bulge, disc, and halo. Full spectrum-fitting techniques were applied by comparing each target spectrum with a stellar library in the optical region at 4560-5860Å. We employed the library of observed spectra MILES, and the Coelho synthetic library. We validated the method by recovering the known atmospheric parameters for 49 well-studied stars that cover a wide range in the parameter space. We adopted as final stellar parameters (effective temperatures, gravities, metallicities) the average of results using the observed and synthetic spectral libraries. We identified 4 member stars in NGC 6528, 13 in NGC 6553, 10 in M 71, 5 in NGC 6558, 5 in NGC 6426, and 12 in Terzan 8. Radial velocities, Teff, log(g), [Fe/H], and alpha-element enhancements were derived. We derived <vhelio≥-242±11km/s, [Fe/H]=-2.39±0.04, [Mg/Fe]=0.38±0.06 for NGC 6426 from spectroscopy for the first time. The method proved to be reliable for red giant stars observed with resolution R∼2000, yielding results compatible with high-resolution spectroscopy. The derived α-element abundances show [α/Fe] vs. [Fe/H] consistent with that of field stars at the same metallicities.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: abundances - stars: kinematics and dynamics - stars: Population II - globular clusters: general - Galaxy: stellar content

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/573/A13): table3.dat table6.dat>

Nomenclature: Tables 3, 6: [DBS2015] NGCNNNN NN, [DBS2015] M71 NN, [DBS2015] TerzanN NN, N=86.

Simbad objects: 153

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