Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 575A, 84-84 (2015/3-1)
New N-bearing species towards OH 231.8+4.2. HNCO, HNCS, HC3N, and NO.
VELILLA-PRIETO L., SANCHEZ CONTRERAS C., CERNICHARO J., AGUNDEZ M., QUINTANA-LACACI G., ALCOLEA J., BUJARRABAL V., HERPIN F., MENTEN K.M. and WYROWSKI F.
Abstract (from CDS):
Circumstellar envelopes (CSEs) around asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars are the main sites of molecular formation. OH231.8+4.2 is a well studied oxygen-rich CSE around an intermediate-mass evolved star that, in dramatic contrast to most AGB CSEs, displays bipolar molecular outflows accelerated up to ∼400km/s. OH231.8+4.2 also presents an exceptional molecular richness probably due to shock-induced chemical processes. We report the first detection in this source of four nitrogen-bearing species, HNCO, HNCS, HC3N, and NO, which have been observed with the IRAM-30m radiotelescope in a sensitive mm-wavelength survey towards this target. HNCO and HNCS are also first detections in CSEs. The observed line profiles show that the emission arises in the massive (∼0.6M☉) central component of the envelope, expanding with low velocities of Vexp∼15-30km/s, and at the base of the fast lobes. The NO profiles (with FWHM∼40-50km/s) are broader than those of HNCO, HNCS, and HC3N and, most importantly, broader than the line profiles of 13CO, which is a good mass tracer. This indicates that the NO abundance is enhanced in the fast lobes relative to the slow, central parts. From LTE and non-LTE excitation analysis, we estimate beam-average rotational temperatures of Trot∼15-30K (and, maybe, up to ∼55K for HC3N) and fractional abundances relative to H2 of X(HNCO)~[0.8-1]x10–7, X(HNCS)~[0.9-1]x10–8, X(HC3N)~[5-7]x10–9, and X(NO)~[1-2]x10–6. NO is, therefore, amongst the most abundant N-bearing species in OH231.8+4.2. We performed thermodynamical chemical equilibrium and chemical kinetics models to investigate the formation of these N-bearing species in OH231.8+4.2. The model underestimates the observed abundances for HNCO, HNCS, and HC3N by several orders of magnitude, which indicates that these molecules can hardly be products of standard UV-photon and/or cosmic-ray induced chemistry in OH231.8+4.2 and that other processes (e.g.shocks) play a major role in their formation. For NO, the model abundance, ≃10–6, is compatible with the observed average value; however, the model fails to reproduce the NO abundance enhancement in the high-velocity lobes (relative to the slow core) inferred from the broad NO profiles. The new detections presented in this work corroborate the particularly rich chemistry of OH231.8+4.2, which is likely to be profoundly influenced by shock-induced processes, as proposed in earlier works.
astrochemistry - line: identification - molecular processes - stars: AGB and post-AGB - circumstellar matter
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