Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 577A, 36-36 (2015/5-1)
A sample of weak blazars at milli-arcsecond resolution.
MANTOVANI F., BONDI M., MACK K.-H., ALEF W., ROS E. and ZENSUS J.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We started a follow-up investigation of the ''Deep X-ray Radio Blazar Survey'' objects with declination >-10deg to better understand the blazar phenomenon. We undertook a survey with the European Very Long Baseline Interferometry Network at 5GHz to make the first images of a complete sample of weak blazars, aiming at a follow-up comparison between high- and low-power samples of blazars. We observed 87 sources with the EVN at 5GHz during the period October 2009 to May 2013. The observations were correlated at the Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie and at the Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe. The correlator output was analysed using both the AIPS and DIFMAP software packages. All of the sources observed were detected. Point-like sources are found in 39 cases on a milli-arcsecond scale, and 48 show core-jet structure. The total flux density distribution at 5GHz has a median value <S ≥44+23–10mJy. A total flux density ≤150mJy is observed in 68 out of 87 sources. Their brightness temperature Tb ranges between 107K and 1012K. According to the spectral indices previously obtained with multi-frequency observations, 58 sources show a flat spectral index, and 29 sources show a steep spectrum or a spectrum peaking at a frequency around 1-2GHz. Adding to the DXRBS objects we observed those already observed with ATCA in the Southern sky, we found that 14 blazars and a Steep Spectrum Radio Quasars, are associated to γ-ray emitters. We found that 56 sources can be considered blazars. We also detected 2 flat spectrum narrow line radio galaxies. About 50% of the blazars associated to a γ-ray object are BLLacs, confirming that they are more likely detected among blazars γ-emitters. We confirm the correlation found between the source core flux density and the γ-ray photon fluxes down to fainter flux densities. We also found that weak blazars are also weaker γ-ray emitters compared to bright blazars. Twenty-two sources are SSRQs or Compact Steep-spectrum Sources, and 7 are GigaHz Peaked Sources. The available X-ray ROSAT observations allow us to suggest that CSS and GPS quasars are not obscured by large column of cold gas surrounding the nuclei. We did not find any significant difference in X-ray luminosity between CSS and GPS quasars.
galaxies: active - quasars: general - BL Lacertae objects: general
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/577/A36): table3.dat>