Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 578, L9-9 (2015/6-1)
Examining the T Tauri system with SPHERE.
CSEPANY G., VAN DEN ANCKER M., ABRAHAM P., BRANDNER W. and HORMUTH F.
Abstract (from CDS):
The prototypical low-mass young stellar object, T Tauri, is a well-studied multiple system with at least three components. We aim to explore the T Tau system with the highest spatial resolution, study the time evolution of the known components, and re-determine the orbital parameters of the stars. Near-infrared classical imaging and integral field spectrograph observations were obtained during the Science Verification of SPHERE, the new high-contrast imaging facility at the VLT. The obtained FWHM of the primary star varies between 0.050" and 0.059", making these the highest spatial resolution near-infrared images of the T Tauri system obtained to date. Our near-infrared images confirm the presence of extended emission south of T Tau Sa, reported in the literature. New narrow-band images show, for the first time, that this feature shows strong emission in both the Br-γ and H2 1-0 S(1) lines. Broadband imaging at 2.27µm shows that T Tau Sa is 0.92mag brighter than T Tau Sb, which is in contrast to observations from Jan. 2014 (when T Tau Sa was fainter than Sb), and demonstrates that T Tau Sa has entered a new period of high variability. The newly obtained astrometric positions of T Tau Sa and Sb agree with orbital fits from previous works. The orbit of T Tau S (the centre of gravity of Sa and Sb) around T Tau N is poorly constrained by the available observations and can be fit with a range of orbits ranging from a nearly circular orbit with a period of 475-years to highly eccentric orbits with periods up to 2.7x104-years. We also detected a feature south of T Tau N, at a distance of 144±3mas, which shows the properties of a new companion.
stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be - stars: pre-main sequence - stars: evolution - binaries: visual - techniques: high angular resolution - instrumentation: adaptive optics
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