The Spitzer c2d survey of large, nearby, interstellar clouds. XII. The Perseus YSO population as observed with IRAC and MIPS.
YOUNG K.E., YOUNG C.H., LAI S.-P., DUNHAM M.M. and EVANS II N.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
The Spitzer Space Telescope mapped the Perseus molecular cloud complex with the Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) and the Multi-Band Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS) as part of the c2d Spitzer Legacy project. This paper combines the observations from both instruments giving an overview of low-mass star formation across Perseus from 3.6 to 70 µm. We provide an updated list of young stellar objects (YSOs) with new classifications and source fluxes from previous works, identifying 369 YSOs in Perseus with the Spitzer data set. By synthesizing the IRAC and MIPS maps of Perseus and building on the work of previous papers in this series, we present a current census of star formation across the cloud and within smaller regions. Sixty-seven percent of the YSOs are associated with the young clusters NGC 1333 and IC 348. The majority of the star formation activity in Perseus occurs in the regions around the clusters to the eastern and western ends of the cloud complex. The middle of the cloud is nearly empty of YSOs despite containing regions of high visual extinction. The western half of Perseus contains three-quarters of the total number of embedded YSOs (Class 0+I and Flat spectral energy distribution sources) in the cloud and nearly as many embedded YSOs as Class II and III sources. Class II and III objects greatly outnumber Class 0+I objects in eastern Perseus and IC 348. These results are consistent with previous age estimates for the clusters. Across the cloud, 56% of YSOs and 91% of the Class 0+I and Flat sources are in areas where Av ≥ 5 mag, indicating a possible extinction threshold for star formation.