Self-consistent orbits and physical properties for eight single-lined spectroscopic binaries.
WANG X., REN S. and FU Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
For single-lined spectroscopic binaries (SB1s), self-consistent orbits can be determined via a simultaneous fit including both radial velocity data and the Hipparcos Intermediate Astrometric Data. Using the ratio λ of the semimajor axes of the photocenter to the primary orbits, the present paper develops an iterative fitting method. First, an initial orbit of an SB1 is determined with the assumption that λ equals 1. On the basis of this orbit, we use a stellar evolutionary model to distribute the total mass and luminosity to the primary and the secondary and update λ from the component mass and luminosity ratios. Then the orbit is updated using the updated value of λ, which completes a step of the iterative process. If this process is convergent, the resulting orbit is compatible with the physical properties of component stars. By using this method, the orbital solutions of eight SB1s as well as the physical properties are determined. We find that the component magnitude differences of these systems are very large, except for HIP 7143 and 45333. This suggests that only the secondaries of the two systems can be resolved with the present-day observational techniques, which is in agreement with recent observations.
binaries: spectroscopic - methods: data analysis - stars: fundamental parameters