Astrophys. J., 806, 74 (2015/June-2)
The NH3 hyperfine intensity anomaly in high-mass star-forming regions.
CAMARATA M.A., JACKSON J.M. and CHAMBERS E.
Abstract (from CDS):
Anomalous ammonia (NH3) spectra, exhibiting asymmetric hyperfine satellite intensity profiles in the () = (1, 1) inversion transition, have been observed in star-forming regions for over 35 years. We present a systematic study of this ''hyperfine intensity anomaly'' (HIA) toward a sample of 334 high-mass star forming regions: 310 high-mass (><≥100) clumps and 24 infrared dark clouds. The HIA is ubiquitous in high-mass star forming regions. Although LTE excitation predicts that the intensity ratios of the outer satellites and inner satellites are exactly unity, for this sample the ensemble average ratios are 0.812±0.004 and 1.125±0.005, respectively. We have quantified the HIA and find no significant relationships between the HIA and temperature, line width, optical depth, and the stage of stellar evolution. The fact that HIAs are common in high-mass star-forming regions suggests that the conditions that lead to HIAs are ubiquitous in these regions. A possible link between HIAs and the predictions of the competitive accretion model of high-mass star formation is suggested; however, the expected trends of HIA strength with clump evolutionary stage, rotational temperature, and line width for evolving cores in competitive accretion models are not found. Thus, the exact gas structures that produce HIAs remain unknown. Turbulent gas structures are a possible explanation, but the details need to be explored.
ISM: clouds - ISM: molecules - stars: formation
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<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/806/74): table1.dat>
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