Binary frequencies in a sample of globular clusters. II. Sample analysis and comparison to models.
JI J. and BREGMAN J.N.
Abstract (from CDS):
Binary stars are predicted to have an important role in the evolution of globular clusters, so we obtained binary fractions for 35 globular clusters that were imaged in the F606W and F814W with the Advanced Camera for Surveys on the Hubble Space Telescope. When compared to the values of prior efforts, we find significant discrepancies, despite each group correcting for contamination effects and having performed the appropriate reliability tests. The most reliable binary fractions are obtained when restricting the binary fraction to. Our analysis indicates that the range of the binary fractions is nearly an order of magnitude for the lowest dynamical ages, suggesting that there is a broad distribution in the binary fraction at globular cluster formation. Dynamical effects also appear to decrease the core binary fractions by a factor of two over a Hubble time, but this is a weak relationship. We confirm a correlation from previous work that the binary fraction within the core-radius decreases with cluster age, indicating that younger clusters formed with higher binary fractions. The strong radial gradient in the binary fraction with cluster radius appears to be a consequence of dynamical interactions. It is often not present in dynamically young clusters, but is nearly always present in dynamically old clusters.
binaries: general - globular clusters: general - stars: Population II