SIMBAD references

2015ApJ...807...45D - Astrophys. J., 807, 45 (2015/July-1)

The occurrence of potentially habitable planets orbiting M dwarfs estimated from the full Kepler dataset and an empirical measurement of the detection sensitivity.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present an improved estimate of the occurrence rate of small planets orbiting small stars by searching the full four-year Kepler data set for transiting planets using our own planet detection pipeline and conducting transit injection and recovery simulations to empirically measure the search completeness of our pipeline. We identified 156 planet candidates, including one object that was not previously identified as a Kepler Object of Interest. We inspected all publicly available follow-up images, observing notes, and centroid analyses, and corrected for the likelihood of false positives. We evaluated the sensitivity of our detection pipeline on a star-by-star basis by injecting 2000 transit signals into the light curve of each target star. For periods shorter than 50 days, we find Earth-size planets (1-1.5 R{#8853}) and super-Earths (1.5-2 R{#8853}) per M dwarf. In total, we estimate a cumulative planet occurrence rate of 2.5±0.2 planets per M dwarf with radii 1-4 R{#8853} and periods shorter than 200 days. Within a conservatively defined habitable zone (HZ) based on the moist greenhouse inner limit and maximum greenhouse outer limit, we estimate an occurrence rate of Earth-size planets and super-Earths per M dwarf HZ. Adopting the broader insolation boundaries of the recent Venus and early Mars limits yields a higher estimate of Earth-size planets and super-Earths per M dwarf HZ. This suggests that the nearest potentially habitable non-transiting and transiting Earth-size planets are 2.6±0.4 pc and pc away, respectively. If we include super-Earths, these distances diminish to 2.1±0.2 pc and pc.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): catalogs - methods: data analysis - planetary systems - stars: low-mass - surveys - techniques: photometric

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/807/45): kic.dat table3.dat table9.dat>

Simbad objects: 2708

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