Astrophys. J., 807, L2 (2015/July-1)
Approximately a thousand ultra-diffuse galaxies in the Coma cluster.
KODA J., YAGI M., YAMANOI H. and KOMIYAMA Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the discovery of 854 ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs) in the Coma cluster using deep R band images, with partial B, i, and Hα band coverage, obtained with the Subaru telescope. Many of them (332) are Milky Way (MW) sized with very large effective radii of. This study was motivated by the recent discovery of 47 UDGs by Dokkum et al.; our discovery suggests UDGs after accounting for the smaller Subaru field (; about one-half of Dragonfly). The new Subaru UDGs show a distribution concentrated around the cluster center, strongly suggesting that the great majority are (likely longtime) cluster members. They are a passively evolving population, lying along the red sequence in the color-magnitude diagram with no signature of Hα emission. Star formation was, therefore, quenched in the past. They have exponential light profiles, effective radii-, effective surface brightnesses 25-28 mag/arcsec2, and stellar masses-. There is also a population of nucleated UDGs. Some MW-sized UDGs appear closer to the cluster center than previously reported; their survival in the strong tidal field, despite their large sizes, possibly indicates a large dark matter fraction protecting the diffuse stellar component. The indicated baryon fraction is less than the cosmic average, and thus the gas must have been removed (from the possibly massive dark halo). The UDG population is elevated in the Coma cluster compared to the field, indicating that the gas removal mechanism is related primarily to the cluster environment.
galaxies: clusters: individual: Coma - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: structure
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2015ApJ...807L...2K and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu