Constraining the redshift evolution of the cosmic microwave background blackbody temperature with Planck data.
DE MARTINO I., GENOVA-SANTOS R., ATRIO-BARANDELA F., EBELING H., KASHLINSKY A., KOCEVSKI D. and MARTINS C.J.A.P.
Abstract (from CDS):
We constrain the deviation of adiabatic evolution of the universe using the data on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature anisotropies measured by the Planck satellite and a sample of 481 X-ray selected clusters with spectroscopically measured redshifts. To avoid antenna beam effects, we bring all of the maps to the same resolution. We use a CMB template to subtract the cosmological signal while preserving the Thermal Sunyaev-Zeldovich (TSZ) anisotropies; next, we remove galactic foreground emissions around each cluster and we mask out all known point sources. If the CMB blackbody temperature scales with redshift as T(z) = T0(1+z)1–α, we constrain deviations of adiabatic evolution to be α = -0.007±0.013, consistent with the temperature-redshift relation of the standard cosmological model. This result could suffer from a potential bias δα associated with the CMB template. We quantify it to be |δα| ≤ 0.02, with the same sign as the measured value of α. Our result is free from those biases associated with using TSZ selected clusters; it represents the best constraint to date of the temperature-redshift relation of the Big Bang model using only CMB data, confirming previous results.