Astrophys. J., 812, 39 (2015/October-2)
Gas-phase oxygen abundances and radial metallicity gradients in the two nearby spiral galaxies NGC 7793 and NGC 4945.
STANGHELLINI L., MAGRINI L. and CASASOLA V.
Abstract (from CDS):
Gas-phase abundances in H ii regions of two spiral galaxies, NGC 7793 and NGC 4945, have been studied to determine their radial metallicity gradients. We used the strong-line method to derive oxygen abundances from spectra acquired with GMOS-S, the multi-object spectrograph on the 8 m Gemini South telescope. We found that NGC 7793 has a well-defined gas-phase radial oxygen gradient of -0.321±0.112 dex (or -0.054±0.019 dex kpc–1) in the galactocentric range 0.17 < RG/R25< 0.82, not dissimilar from gradients calculated with direct abundance methods in galaxies of similar mass and morphology. We also determined a shallow radial oxygen gradient in NGC 4945, -0.253±0.149 dex (or -0.019±0.011 dex kpc–1) for 0.04 < RG/R25< 0.51, where the larger relative uncertainty derives mostly from the larger inclination of this galaxy. NGC 7793 and NGC 4945 have been selected for this study because they are similar, in mass and morphology, to M33 and the Milky Way, respectively. Since at zeroth order we expect the radial metallicity gradients to depend on mass and galaxy type, we compared our galaxies in the framework of radial metallicity models best suited for M33 and the Galaxy. We found a good agreement between M33 and NGC 7793, pointing toward similar evolution for the two galaxies. We notice instead differences between NGC 4945 and the radial metallicity gradient model that best fits the Milky Way. We found that these differences are likely related to the presence of an active galactic nucleus combined with a bar in the central regions of NGC 4945, and to its interacting environment.
galaxies: abundances - galaxies: individual: (NGC 7793, NGC 4945) - H ii regions
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/812/39): table3.dat table4.dat table5.dat table6.dat>
Table 3: [SMC2015] NGC 7793 NN N=27 among (Nos 2-28). Table 4: [SMC2015] NGC 4945 F1 NN (Nos 1-12), [SMC2015] NGC 4945 F2 NN (Nos 1-21).
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