Astrophys. J., 815, 102 (2015/December-3)
A decade of short-duration gamma-ray burst broadband afterglows: energetics, circumburst densities, and jet opening angles.
FONG W., BERGER E., MARGUTTI R. and ZAUDERER B.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a comprehensive catalog and analysis of broadband afterglow observations for 103 short-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), comprised of all short GRBs from 2004 November to 2015 March with prompt follow-up observations in the X-ray, optical, near-infrared (NIR), and/or radio bands. These afterglow observations have uncovered 71 X-ray detections, 30 optical/NIR detections, and 4 radio detections. Employing the standard afterglow synchrotron model, we perform joint probability analyses for a subset of 38 short GRBs with well-sampled light curves to infer the burst isotropic-equivalent energies and circumburst densities. For this subset, we find median isotropic-equivalent γ-ray and kinetic energies of Eγ,iso≈ 2x1051 erg, and EK,iso≈ (1-3)x1051 erg, respectively, depending on the values of the model input parameters. We further find that short GRBs occur in low-density environments, with a median density of n ≈ (3-15)x10–3/cm3, and that ≈80%-95% of bursts have densities of n ≲ 1/cm3. We investigate trends between the circumburst densities and host galaxy properties, and find that events located at large projected offsets of ≳10 effective radii from their hosts exhibit particularly low densities of n ≲ 10–4/cm3, consistent with an intergalactic medium-like environment. Using late-time afterglow data for 11 events, we find a median jet opening angle of θj= 16±10°. We also calculate a median beaming factor of fb≈ 0.04, leading to a beaming-corrected total energy release of Etrue≈ 1.6x1050 erg. Furthermore, we calculate a beaming-corrected event rate of G/pc3/yr, or/yr within a 200 Mpc volume, the Advanced LIGO/Virgo typical detection distance for NS-NS binaries.
catalogs - gamma-ray burst: general
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