Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 447, 2437-2444 (2015/March-1)
The dust geometric distribution in Seyfert 1 and Seyfert 2 galaxies, isolated and in interaction.
MENDOZA-CASTREJON S., DULTZIN D., KRONGOLD Y., GONZALEZ J.J. and ELITZUR M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We analyse the mid-infrared (MIR) spectra of 39 Seyfert galaxies observed with the Infrared Spectrograph (IRS) on board the Spitzer Space Telescope. Our sample consists of 19 Seyfert type 1 (Sy1) galaxies, three intermediate Seyfert galaxies and 17 type 2 Seyfert (Sy2) galaxies in the nearby Universe. This sample was extracted from a larger sample, the circumgalactic environment of which was studied in a previous work by Dultzin-Hacyan et al., who found that Sy2 objects are in interaction more frequently than normal galaxies, while Sy1s are not. In this article, we study the silicate dust distribution that dominates the mid-infrared (MIR) spectra. This dust produces spectral features at 10 and 18 µm that are sensitive to the clumpiness of the dust. We measure the strength of the emission or absorption of the silicate features to find whether there is a correlation between the clumpiness of the circumnuclear dust and the active galactic nucleus (AGN) type and incidence of companions. All isolated Sy1 galaxies have clumpy dust distributions, whereas Sy1s with a close companion can have either clumpy or smooth distributions. In the case of Sy2 galaxies, those with one or more companions have mostly smooth dust distributions, whereas isolated Sy2s may have clumpy or smoothly distributed dust. Our result is at odds with the simplest formulation of the unified scheme for Seyferts and supports an evolutionary sequence where the influence of an interaction triggers a type 2 AGN, which evolves into a type 1.
© 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015)
dust, extinction - galaxies: nuclei - galaxies: Seyfert
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