Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 449, 3212-3222 (2015/May-3)
The extent of gravitationally bound structure in a ΛCDM universe.
Abstract (from CDS):
A new analytical model for constraining the extent of gravitationally bound structure in the Universe is presented. This model is based on a simple modification of the spherical collapse model (SCM), and its performance in predicting the limits of bound structure in N-body simulations is compared to that of two previous models with the aid of new software named coldgas - compute unified device architecture object location determination in gadget2 snapshots - which was developed by the author. All of these models can be distilled down to a single unique parameter ξ, here named the critical parameter, which was found to have values of 3 and 1.18 from the previous studies, and a value of 1.89 from the modified SCM. While still on the conservative side, this new model tends to better identify what structure is gravitationally bound in simulations. All three analytical models are applied to the Corona Borealis supercluster, with the modified SCM and ξ = 1.18 model making predictions that are in agreement with recent work showing that A2056, A2061, A2065, A2067, and A2089 comprise a gravitationally bound supercluster. As an additional test, the modified SCM is used to estimate the mass within the turn-around radius of the Virgo cluster, providing results in good agreement with studies relating the virial mass of clusters to the total mass within turn-around.