Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 449, 4048-4070 (2015/June-1)
Kinematics and mass modelling of M33: Hα observations.
KAM Z.S., CARIGNAN C., CHEMIN L., AMRAM P. and EPINAT B.
Abstract (from CDS):
As part of a long-term project to revisit the kinematics and dynamics of the large disc galaxies of the Local Group, we present the first deep, wide-field ( ∼ 42arcminx 56arcmin) 3D-spectroscopic survey of the ionized gas disc of Messier 33. Fabry-Perot interferometry has been used to map its Hα distribution and kinematics at unprecedented angular resolution ( ≲ 3 arcsec) and resolving power ( ∼ 12600), with the 1.6 m telescope at the Observatoire du Mont Mégantic. The ionized gas distribution follows a complex, large-scale spiral structure, unsurprisingly coincident with the already-known spiral structures of the neutral and molecular gas discs. The kinematical analysis of the velocity field shows that the rotation centre of the Hα disc is distant from the photometric centre by ∼ 168 pc (sky-projected distance) and that the kinematical major-axis position angle and disc inclination are in excellent agreement with photometric values. The Hα rotation curve agrees very well with the Hi rotation curves for 0 < R < 6.5 kpc, but the Hα velocities are 10–20 km/s higher for R > 6.5 kpc. The reason for this discrepancy is not well understood. The velocity dispersion profile is relatively flat around 16 km/s, which is at the low end of velocity dispersions of nearby star-forming galactic discs. A strong relation is also found between the Hα velocity dispersion and the Hα intensity. Mass models were obtained using the Hα rotation curve but, as expected, the dark matter halo's parameters are not very well constrained since the optical rotation curve only extends out to 8 kpc.
© 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015)
techniques: interferometric - ISM: bubbles - HII regions - galaxies: individual: M33 - galaxies: ISM - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - dark matter
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/449/4048): tablea1.dat>
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