Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 451, 588-600 (2015/July-3)
Inside the Bondi radius of M87.
RUSSELL H.R., FABIAN A.C., McNAMARA B.R. and BRODERICK A.E.
Abstract (from CDS):
Chandra X-ray observations of the nearby brightest cluster galaxy M87 resolve the hot gas structure across the Bondi accretion radius of the central supermassive black hole (SMBH), a measurement possible in only a handful of systems but complicated by the bright nucleus and jet emission. By stacking only short frame-time observations to limit pileup, and after subtracting the nuclear point spread function, we analysed the X-ray gas properties within the Bondi radius at 0.12-0.22kpc (1.5-2.8arcsec), depending on the black hole mass. Within 2kpc radius, we detect two significant temperature components, which are consistent with constant values of 2 and 0.9keV down to 0.15kpc radius. No evidence was found for the expected temperature increase within ∼ 0.25kpc due to the influence of the SMBH. Within the Bondi radius, the density profile is consistent with ρ∝r-1. The lack of a temperature increase inside the Bondi radius suggests that the hot gas structure is not dictated by the SMBH's potential and, together with the shallow density profile, shows that the classical Bondi rate may not reflect the accretion rate on to the SMBH. If this density profile extends in towards the SMBH, the mass accretion rate on to the SMBH could be at least two orders of magnitude less than the Bondi rate, which agrees with Faraday rotation measurements for M87. We discuss the evidence for outflow from the hot gas and the cold gas disc and for cold feedback, where gas cooling rapidly from the hot atmosphere could feed the cirumnuclear disc and fuel the SMBH. At 0.2kpc radius, the cooler X-ray temperature component represents ∼ 20 percent of the total X-ray gas mass and, by losing angular momentum to the hot gas component, could provide a fuel source of cold clouds within the Bondi radius.
© 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015)
galaxies: clusters: individual: M87 - intergalactic medium - X-rays: galaxies: clusters
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