Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 451, 2922-2932 (2015/August-2)
The galactic branches as a possible evidence for transient spiral arms.
PEREZ-VILLEGAS A., GOMEZ G.C. and PICHARDO B.
Abstract (from CDS):
With the use of a background Milky Way-like potential model, we performed stellar orbital and magnetohydrodynamic simulations. As a first experiment, we studied the gaseous response to a bisymmetric spiral arm potential: the widely employed cosine potential model and a self-gravitating three-dimensional density distribution based model called PERLAS. Important differences are noticeable in these simulations, while the simplified cosine potential produces two spiral arms for all cases, the more realistic density-based model produces a response of four spiral arms on the gaseous disc, except for weak arms - i.e. close to the linear regime - where a two-armed structure is formed. In order to compare the stellar and gas response to the spiral arms, we have also included a detailed periodic orbit study and explored different structural parameters within observational uncertainties. The four-armed response has been explained as the result of ultraharmonic resonances, or as shocks with the massive bisymmetric spiral structure, among other. From the results of this work, and comparing the stellar and gaseous responses, we tracked down an alternative explanation to the formation of branches, based only on the orbital response to a self-gravitating spiral arms model. The presence of features such as branches, might be an indication of transiency of the arms.
© 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015)
MHD - Galaxy: disc - Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics - Galaxy: structure - galaxies: spiral - galaxies: structure
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