Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 452, 2236-2246 (2015/September-3)
A giant ring-like structure at 0.78 < z < 0.86 displayed by GRBs.
BALAZS L.G., BAGOLY Z., HAKKILA J.E., HORVATH I., KOBORI J., RACZ I.I. and TOTH L.V.
Abstract (from CDS):
According to the cosmological principle (CP), Universal large-scale structure is homogeneous and isotropic. The observable Universe, however, shows complex structures even on very large scales. The recent discoveries of structures significantly exceeding the transition scale of 370 Mpc pose a challenge to the CP. We report here the discovery of the largest regular formation in the observable Universe; a ring with a diameter of 1720 Mpc, displayed by 9 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), exceeding by a factor of 5 the transition scale to the homogeneous and isotropic distribution. The ring has a major diameter of 43° and a minor diameter of 30° at a distance of 2770 Mpc in the 0.78 < z < 0.86 redshift range, with a probability of 2x10–6 of being the result of a random fluctuation in the GRB count rate. Evidence suggests that this feature is the projection of a shell on to the plane of the sky. Voids and string-like formations are common outcomes of large-scale structure. However, these structures have maximum sizes of 150 Mpc, which are an order of magnitude smaller than the observed GRB ring diameter. Evidence in support of the shell interpretation requires that temporal information of the transient GRBs be included in the analysis. This ring-shaped feature is large enough to contradict the CP. The physical mechanism responsible for causing it is unknown.
© 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015)
gamma-ray burst: general - cosmology: observations - large-scale structure of Universe
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2015MNRAS.452.2236B and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu