SIMBAD references

2015MNRAS.453.3635P - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 453, 3635-3648 (2015/November-2)

The scaling relations of early-type dwarf galaxies across a range of environments.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present the results of a Keck-ESI study of dwarf galaxies across a range of environment: the Perseus Cluster, the Virgo Cluster, the NGC 1407 group, and the NGC 1023 group. 18 dwarf ellipticals (dEs) are targeted for spectroscopy, three for the first time. We confirm cluster membership for one Virgo dE, and group membership for one dE in the NGC 1023 group, and one dE in the NGC 1407 group for the first time. Regardless of environment, the dEs follow the same size-magnitude and σ-luminosity relation. Two of the Virgo dwarfs, VCC 1199 and VCC 1627, have among the highest central velocity dispersions (σ0 = 58.4 and 49.2 km/s) measured for dwarfs of their luminosity (MR ~ -17). Given their small sizes (Re < 300 pc) and large central velocity dispersions, we classify these two dwarfs as compact ellipticals (cEs) rather than dEs. Group dEs typically have higher mean dynamical-to-stellar mass ratios than the cluster dEs, with Mdyn/M{sstarf} = 5.1±0.6 for the group dwarfs, versus Mdyn/M{sstarf} = 2.2±0.5 for the cluster sample, which includes two cEs. We also search for trends in Mdyn/M{sstarf} versus distance from M87 for the Virgo Cluster population, and find no preference for dwarfs with high values of Mdyn/M{sstarf} to reside in the cluster outskirts dyn centre.

Abstract Copyright: © 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015)

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics

Simbad objects: 38

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