Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 454, 1976-1991 (2015/December-1)
Local associations and the barium puzzle.
REDDY A.B.S. and LAMBERT D.L.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have observed high-dispersion echelle spectra of main-sequence stars in five nearby young associations - Argus, Carina-Near, Hercules-Lyra, Orion and Subgroup B4 - and derived abundances for elements ranging from Na to Eu. These are the first chemical abundance measurements for two of the five associations, while the remaining three associations are analysed more extensively in our study. Our results support the presence of chemical homogeneity among association members with a typical star-to-star abundance scatter of about 0.06dex or less over many elements. The five associations show log ε(Li) consistent with their age and share a solar chemical composition for all elements with the exception of Ba. We find that all the heavy elements (Y, Zr, La, Ce, Nd, Sm and Eu) exhibit solar ratios, i.e. [X/Fe] ≃ 0, while Ba is overabundant by about 0.2-0.3dex. The origin of the overabundance of Ba is a puzzle. Within the formulation of the s-process, it is difficult to create a higher Ba abundance without a similar increase in the s-process contributions to other heavy elements (La-Sm). Given that Ba is represented by strong lines of Ba II and La-Sm are represented by rather weak ionized lines, the suggestion, as previously made by other studies, is that the Ba abundance may be systematically overestimated by standard methods of abundance analysis perhaps because the upper reaches of the stellar atmospheres are poorly represented by standard model atmospheres. A novel attempt to analyse the Ba i line at 5535 Å gives a solar Ba abundance for stars with effective temperatures hotter than about 5800 K but increasingly subsolar Ba abundances for cooler stars with apparent Ba deficiencies of 0.5dex at 5100 K. This trend with temperature may signal a serious non-local thermodynamical equilibrium effect on the Ba i line.
© 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015)
stars: abundances - open clusters and associations: individual: Argus, Carina-Near, Hercules-Lyra, Orion and Subgroup B4
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/454/1976): table1.dat table3.dat table5.dat table6.dat table7.dat table9.dat table11.dat>
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