Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 454, 4335-4356 (2015/December-3)
Sh2-138: physical environment around a small cluster of massive stars.
BAUG T., OJHA D.K., DEWANGAN L.K., NINAN J.P., BHATT B.C., GHOSH S.K. and MALLICK K.K.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a multiwavelength study of the Sh2-138, a Galactic compact HII region. The data comprise of optical and near-infrared (NIR) photometric and spectroscopic observations from the 2-m Himalayan Chandra Telescope, radio observations from the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT), and archival data covering radio through NIR wavelengths. A total of 10 Class I and 54 Class II young stellar objects (YSOs) are identified in a 4.6 arcminx4.6 arcmin area of the Sh2-138 region. Five compact ionized clumps, with four lacking of any optical or NIR counterparts, are identified using the 1280 MHz radio map, and correspond to sources with spectral type earlier than B0.5. Free-free emission spectral energy distribution fitting of the central compact HII region yields an electron density of ∼ 2250±400/ cm3. With the aid of a wide range of spectra, from 0.5-15 µm, the central brightest source - previously hypothesized to be the main ionizing source - is characterized as a Herbig Be type star. At large scale (15 arcmin x15 arcmin), the Herschel images (70-500 µm) and the nearest neighbour analysis of YSOs suggest the formation of an isolated cluster at the junction of filaments. Furthermore, using a greybody fit to the dust spectrum, the cluster is found to be associated with the highest column density ( ∼ 3x1022/ cm2) and high temperature ( ∼ 35 K) regime, as well as with the radio continuum emission. The mass of the central clump seen in the column density map is estimated to be ∼ 3770 M☉.
© 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015)
stars: formation - HII regions - ISM: individual objects: Sh2-138 - infrared: ISM - radio continuum: ISM
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/454/4335): tables1.dat>
Table S1: [BOD2015] JHHMMSS.sss+DDMMSS.sss N=151. Table 2: [BOD2015] A (Nos A-E).
Status at CDS:
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2015MNRAS.454.4335B and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu