The start of the Sagittarius spiral arm (Sagittarius origin) and the start of the Norma spiral arm (Norma origin): model-computed and observed arm tangents at galactic longitudes -20° < l < +23°.
Abstract (from CDS):
Here, we fitted a four-arm spiral model to the more accurate data on global arm pitch angle and arm longitude tangents to get the start of each spiral arm near the galactic nucleus. We find that the tangent to the ''start of the Sagittarius'' spiral arm (arm middle) is at l = -17°±0.°5, while the tangent to the ''start of the Norma'' spiral arm (arm middle) is at l = +20°±0.°5. Earlier, we published a compilation of observations and analysis of the tangent to each spiral arm tracer from longitudes +23° to +340°; in this paper we cover the arm tracers in the remaining longitudes +340 (=-20°) to +23°. Our model arm tangents are confirmed through the recent observed masers data (at the arm's inner edge). Observed arm tracers in the inner Galaxy show an offset from the mid arm; this was also found elsewhere in the Milky Way disk. In addition, we collated the observed tangents to the so-called 3 kpc arm features; statistically they are found to be near l = -18°±2° and near l = +21°±2°, after excluding misidentified spiral arms. We find that the model-computed arm tangents in the inner Galaxy are spatially coincident with the mean longitude of the observed tangents to the 3 kpc arm features (same galactic longitudes, within the errors). These spatial similarities may be suggestive of a contiguous space.
galaxies: spiral - Galaxy: disk - Galaxy: structure - ISM: general - ISM: structure - methods: statistical