2016ApJ...822..109A


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.10.19CEST18:58:02

2016ApJ...822..109A - Astrophys. J., 822, 109-109 (2016/May-2)

The subarcsecond mid-infrared view of local active galactic nuclei. III. Polar dust emission.

ASMUS D., HONIG S.F. and GANDHI P.

Abstract (from CDS):

Recent mid-infrared (MIR) interferometric observations have shown that in a few active galactic nuclei (AGNs) the bulk of the infrared emission originates from the polar region above the putative torus, where only a little dust should be present. Here, we investigate whether such strong polar dust emission is common in AGNs. Out of 149 Seyferts in the MIR atlas of local AGNs, 21 show extended MIR emission on single-dish images. In 18 objects, the extended MIR emission aligns with the position angle (PA) of the system axis, established by [O iii], radio, polarization, and maser-based PA measurements. The relative amount of resolved MIR emission is at least 40% and scales with the [O iv] fluxes, implying a strong connection between the extended continuum and [O iv] emitters. These results together with the radio-quiet nature of the Seyferts support the scenario that the bulk of MIR emission is emitted by dust in the polar region and not by the torus, which would demand a new paradigm for the infrared emission structure in AGNs. The current low detection rate of polar dust in the AGNs of the MIR atlas is explained by the lack of sufficient high-quality MIR data and the requirements on the orientation, strength of narrow-line region, and distance of the AGNs. The James Webb Space Telescope will enable much deeper nuclear MIR studies with comparable angular resolution, allowing us to resolve the polar emission and surroundings in most of the nearby AGNs.

Abstract Copyright: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): accretion, accretion disks - galaxies: active - galaxies: nuclei - infrared: galaxies - X-rays: galaxies

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/822/109): table1.dat refs.dat>

Simbad objects: 152

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Number of rows : 152

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NGC 34 Sy2 00 11 06.612 -12 06 28.33   14.14 13.52     ~ 308 0
2 2E 93 Sy1 00 29 13.7012280721 +13 16 03.946876800   15.70 15.41     ~ 395 0
3 NGC 235 Sy2 00 42 52.8103448958 -23 32 27.712826044   14.24   12.63   ~ 119 2
4 Mrk 1502 Sy1 00 53 34.9326560879 +12 41 35.927159668   14.41 14.03     ~ 1044 1
5 2E 217 Sy1 00 54 52.1185254329 +25 25 38.983464017     15.42     ~ 339 0
6 IRAS 01003-2238 Sy2 01 02 49.9936617393 -22 21 57.258147027   18.62 18.9 17.83   ~ 135 0
7 2C 94 Sy2 01 08 52.8701245540 +13 20 14.257796477   15.19       ~ 441 2
8 NGC 424 Sy2 01 11 27.6374462713 -38 05 00.404099901   13.76 14.12 12.38 12.8 ~ 277 0
9 2MASX J01142491-5523497 Sy2 01 14 24.9320130723 -55 23 49.367907739   13.13 13.58 11.93   ~ 59 0
10 ESO 113-45 Sy1 01 23 45.7630391439 -58 48 20.811630442   14.08 13.83 13.34   ~ 778 0
11 NGC 526 Sy1 01 23 54.3778199024 -35 03 55.695504754   14.76 14.60 13.46   ~ 297 1
12 ESO 297-18 Sy2 01 38 37.141 -40 00 41.23   14.28   12.96   ~ 73 1
13 Mrk 573 Sy2 01 43 57.7763654544 +02 20 59.525472345   14.90 14.07     ~ 488 0
14 MCG-01-05-047 Sy2 01 52 49.004 -03 26 48.56   13.9   13.8 13.2 ~ 90 0
15 Mrk 1014 Sy1 01 59 50.2529351498 +00 23 40.874250335   16.08 15.87     ~ 518 0
16 NGC 788 Sy2 02 01 06.4622976350 -06 48 57.146217363   13.71 12.76 11.79   ~ 214 0
17 Mrk 1018 Sy1 02 06 15.9897977200 -00 17 29.219372130   15.90 15.50 10.3   ~ 248 0
18 NGC 863 Sy1 02 14 33.5610949475 -00 46 00.180128181   14.48 13.81 17.9   ~ 581 0
19 NGC 985 Sy1 02 34 37.882 -08 47 17.02   14.64 14.28 12.9   ~ 348 0
20 ESO 416-2 Sy1 02 35 13.4533443933 -29 36 17.246275518   14.92   13.53   ~ 46 0
21 ESO 198-24 Sy1 02 38 19.7165906722 -52 11 32.346023872   15.36 14.17 13.75   ~ 141 0
22 M 77 GiP 02 42 40.771 -00 00 47.84 9.70 9.61 8.87 10.1 9.9 ~ 4118 2
23 MCG-02-08-014 Sy2 02 52 23.378 -08 30 37.68   17.56 16.84 13.79   ~ 71 1
24 NGC 1142 Sy2 02 55 12.229 -00 11 00.77   15.42 14.41     ~ 297 1
25 MCG-02-08-039 Sy2 03 00 30.6257296009 -11 24 57.016279252   14 14.3 13.45   ~ 97 0
26 NGC 1194 Sy2 03 03 49.110 -01 06 13.50   15.29 14.18     ~ 202 0
27 3C 84 Sy2 03 19 48.1597607660 +41 30 42.114155434   13.10 12.48 11.09   ~ 3580 3
28 NGC 1365 Sy1 03 33 36.458 -36 08 26.37 10.48 10.08 9.63 8.79 9.7 ~ 1541 2
29 NGC 1386 GiP 03 36 46.238 -35 59 57.39 12.42 12.16 11.23 10.76   ~ 466 1
30 ESO 548-81 Sy1 03 42 03.7180399342 -21 14 39.646540303   12.84 13.68 11.57   ~ 101 0
31 2MASX J03565655-4041453 SyG 03 56 56.5217153948 -40 41 45.910075460   16.77   15.45   ~ 23 0
32 2C 349 Sy2 03 58 54.4385123848 +10 26 02.820631972   16.68 15.41     ~ 323 2
33 2MASX J04071644+0342262 Sy2 04 07 16.440 +03 42 26.23   18.5       ~ 201 1
34 IRAS 04103-2838 LIN 04 12 19.4471694141 -28 30 24.951464125     16.9     ~ 63 0
35 NGC 1566 Sy1 04 20 00.4020009055 -54 56 16.578104141 10.29 10.19 9.73 9.21 10.1 ~ 728 2
36 LB 1727 Sy1 04 26 00.7188445954 -57 12 01.772037544 13.68 14.58 14.37 14.8   ~ 235 0
37 Mrk 1506 Sy1 04 33 11.0958197353 +05 21 15.617543663   15.72 15.05 10.08   ~ 1854 2
38 NGC 1667 Sy2 04 48 37.205 -06 19 11.47   13.66 12.86 11.72   ~ 336 1
39 MCG-01-13-025 Sy1 04 51 41.5187776183 -03 48 33.735505171   15.15 14.18 8.9   ~ 71 1
40 ESO 33-2 Sy2 04 55 58.9243434325 -75 32 28.291629714   14.61 14.60 13.39   ~ 131 1
41 2MAXI J0504-239 Sy2 05 05 45.7299744231 -23 51 14.042655467   16.82 17.0 15.63   ~ 63 0
42 Mrk 1095 Sy1 05 16 11.4093760763 -00 08 59.158774578   14.30 13.92     ~ 787 1
43 ESO 362-18 Sy2 05 19 35.8124008506 -32 39 27.923759175   13.81 13.37 12.73   ~ 195 0
44 NAME Pictor A Sy1 05 19 49.7230919028 -45 46 43.855209977   15.73 15.77 14.85   ~ 562 1
45 2MASX J05210136-2521450 Sy2 05 21 01.3987198411 -25 21 45.269338983   15.47 14.75     ~ 430 0
46 ESO 253-3 Sy2 05 25 18.058 -46 00 21.36   15.10   13.95   ~ 49 0
47 NGC 2110 Sy2 05 52 11.3760694860 -07 27 22.489931610   14.77 13.51 11.86   ~ 590 1
48 2MASX J05580206-3820043 Sy1 05 58 02.0566732230 -38 20 04.453517461   16.05 14.98 11.6   ~ 204 1
49 ESO 5-4 Sy2 06 05 41.721 -86 37 55.02   13.55   11.88 12.2 ~ 126 0
50 Mrk 3 Sy2 06 15 36.458 +71 02 15.24 14.21 14.03 12.97     ~ 849 3
51 ESO 121-28 Sy2 06 23 45.5596348963 -60 58 44.377228285   15.21 15.2 13.66   ~ 52 0
52 2MASX J06403799-4321211 G 06 40 37.991 -43 21 21.10           ~ 18 0
53 ESO 428-14 Sy2 07 16 31.2067043371 -29 19 28.898984517   13.28 13.52 11.61   ~ 219 4
54 ESO 209-12 Sy1 08 01 57.9736077076 -49 46 42.394360438   15.31 15.3 13.78   ~ 65 0
55 Ton 951 Sy1 08 47 42.4487014731 +34 45 04.483113429   14.83 14.50     ~ 423 0
56 [VV96] J091609.5-621929 Sy1 09 16 09.3662174299 -62 19 29.559790552   12.51 12.26 11.5   ~ 105 0
57 2MASX J09180027+0425066 Sy2 09 18 00.2610479571 +04 25 06.160578209   18.90 18.13     ~ 16 0
58 MCG-01-24-012 Sy2 09 20 46.2623810226 -08 03 21.935252354   17.86 17.34     ~ 114 0
59 NGC 2992 Sy2 09 45 42.045 -14 19 34.90 13.54 13.14 12.18 12.6 12.2 ~ 791 3
60 ESO 434-40 Sy2 09 47 40.1345889569 -30 56 55.959492708   14.10 13.69 12.44   ~ 489 0
61 2MASX J09474514+0725204 Sy1 09 47 45.1435259633 +07 25 20.596199631   17.37 16.95     ~ 335 0
62 7C 094437.60+732735.00 Sy2 09 49 45.967 +73 14 23.25   16.00   11.7   ~ 97 1
63 Mrk 1239 Sy1 09 52 19.168 -01 36 44.10   14.99 14.39 11.2   ~ 291 0
64 NGC 3081 Sy2 09 59 29.5436045645 -22 49 34.748021329   13.06 13.55 11.67 12.1 ~ 414 0
65 ESO 263-13 Sy2 10 09 48.1881615625 -42 48 40.538299552   14.94 14.95 13.29   ~ 84 0
66 NGC 3147 Sy2 10 16 53.632 +73 24 02.34   11.43 10.61     ~ 427 2
67 NGC 3227 GiP 10 23 30.57 +19 51 54.3   12.61 11.79     ~ 1543 2
68 NGC 3281 Sy2 10 31 52.086 -34 51 13.40   12.62 14.02 11.17   ~ 320 0
69 NGC 3393 Sy2 10 48 23.467 -25 09 43.30   13.10 13.95 11.67 12.2 ~ 354 3
70 2MAXI J1127+190 Sy1 11 27 16.3052053371 +19 09 20.039465010           ~ 30 0
71 NGC 3783 Sy1 11 39 01.7095761008 -37 44 19.008597647   12.46 13.43 11.33 12.1 ~ 1492 0
72 2MASX J11454045-1827149 Sy1 11 45 40.4653921674 -18 27 14.962362659   14.63 14.29 10.5   ~ 130 0
73 NGC 3982 Sy1 11 56 28.169 +55 07 31.30   12.20 11.70 11.18   ~ 491 1
74 Z 41-20 Sy2 12 00 57.932 +06 48 23.12   15.3       ~ 68 0
75 NGC 4051 Sy1 12 03 09.6098828919 +44 31 52.693714606   11.08 12.92 9.94   ~ 2007 1
76 NGC 4074 Sy2 12 04 29.6676095855 +20 18 58.623177683   15.43 14.44     ~ 139 0
77 NGC 4138 Sy1 12 09 29.788 +43 41 07.14 12.46 12.29 11.32 10.82   ~ 355 1
78 NGC 4151 Sy1 12 10 32.5771747733 +39 24 21.057727323   12.18 11.48     ~ 3399 2
79 NGC 4235 Sy1 12 17 09.8844228368 +07 11 29.665090752   14.70 13.60     ~ 367 0
80 M 106 Sy2 12 18 57.620 +47 18 13.39   9.14 8.41 8.11   ~ 2130 3
81 NGC 4278 LIN 12 20 06.8253868 +29 16 50.713486 11.54 11.09 10.16     ~ 892 2
82 NGC 4388 Sy2 12 25 46.820 +12 39 43.45 11.91 11.76 11.02     ~ 1198 2
83 NGC 4395 Sy2 12 25 48.8639154223 +33 32 48.694684028 10.84 10.54 10.11 9.98   ~ 1005 1
84 3C 273 BLL 12 29 06.6996828061 +02 03 08.598846466   13.05 14.830 14.11   ~ 5347 1
85 M 88 Sy2 12 31 59.216 +14 25 13.48   14.33 13.18     ~ 736 1
86 NGC 4507 Sy2 12 35 36.6328010225 -39 54 33.661858548   12.95 13.54 11.70 12.4 ~ 441 0
87 ESO 506-27 Sy2 12 38 54.5931097449 -27 18 27.998858037   14.59   12.87   ~ 79 0
88 2MASX J12390630-1610472 Sy2 12 39 06.2810518255 -16 10 47.227607708           ~ 74 0
89 NGC 4593 Sy1 12 39 39.4435521178 -05 20 39.035028119   13.95 13.15     ~ 959 0
90 IC 3639 Sy2 12 40 52.8357581136 -36 45 21.046225445   13.01 13.50 11.87 12.7 ~ 228 1
91 ESO 323-32 Sy2 12 53 20.3092757460 -41 38 08.273024193   13.89 13.61 12.29   ~ 68 0
92 NGC 4941 Sy2 13 04 13.1053484000 -05 33 05.754194531   13.18 12.23 10.74   ~ 308 0
93 ESO 323-77 Sy2 13 06 26.1213873662 -40 24 52.594127368   13.58 13.42 12.01   ~ 192 0
94 NGC 4992 Sy2 13 09 05.596 +11 38 02.85   14.6       ~ 96 0
95 NGC 5033 Sy1 13 13 27.535 +36 35 37.14   11.01 12.03 9.73   ~ 801 3
96 MCG-03-34-064 Sy2 13 22 24.485 -16 43 42.09   14   13.16   ~ 263 2
97 NAME Centaurus A Sy2 13 25 27.61509104 -43 01 08.8056025   8.18 6.84 6.66   ~ 4028 3
98 NGC 5135 Sy2 13 25 44.059 -29 50 01.24   12.58 13.35 11.53 12.2 ~ 429 1
99 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 3832 4
100 ESO 383-35 Sy1 13 35 53.7686909139 -34 17 44.139127597   13.89 13.61 8.9   ~ 1385 0
101 2RE J1337+244 Sy1 13 37 18.7198121988 +24 23 03.320690345     15.0     ~ 360 0
102 NGC 5252 Sy2 13 38 15.8711551761 +04 32 33.525903711   15.21 14.21     ~ 426 0
103 Mrk 266B LIN 13 38 17.3501948813 +48 16 31.903051043   14.19 13.42     ~ 66 0
104 NGC 5273 Sy1 13 42 08.386 +35 39 15.26   14.01 13.12     ~ 405 0
105 ESO 445-50 Sy1 13 49 19.2607281800 -30 18 34.224136831   13.81 13.66 12.18   ~ 736 0
106 NGC 5347 Sy2 13 53 17.7993659226 +33 29 26.989049245   13.46 12.70     ~ 315 1
107 NAME Circinus Galaxy Sy2 14 13 09.906 -65 20 20.47   10.89 9.84 10.6 10.0 ~ 1019 2
108 NGC 5506 AGN 14 13 14.901 -03 12 27.22   15.25 14.38     ~ 998 0
109 NGC 5548 Sy1 14 17 59.5401093128 +25 08 12.600227883   14.35 13.73     ~ 2412 0
110 ESO 511-30 Sy1 14 19 22.4042606652 -26 38 41.130443100   13.32 14.9 12.27 12.7 ~ 117 0
111 ICRF J141949.7-192825 Sy1 14 19 49.7381237939 -19 28 25.268428198   17.60 16.66 13.9   ~ 92 1
112 NGC 5643 Sy2 14 32 40.778 -44 10 28.60   11.03 13.60 9.92 10.6 ~ 461 0
113 NGC 5728 Sy2 14 42 23.928 -17 15 11.41   14.34 13.40     ~ 503 0
114 IC 4518 Sy2 14 57 45.6 -43 07 58   14.5       ~ 64 0
115 Mrk 841 Sy1 15 04 01.1935077982 +10 26 15.778741853   14.50 14.27     ~ 587 0
116 3C 321 Sy2 15 31 43.473 +24 04 18.93   16.0   15.40   ~ 309 1
117 NGC 5995 Sy2 15 48 24.9486951203 -13 45 27.258674402   14.66 13.69 13.17   ~ 129 0
118 3C 327 Sy2 16 02 27.4 +01 57 56   17.70 16.31     ~ 228 0
119 NGC 6251 Sy2 16 32 31.96990024 +82 32 16.3999540 15.24 14.66 12.89 7.62   ~ 671 0
120 ESO 138-1 Sy2 16 51 20.2687785665 -59 14 04.287486933   14.35 13.63 13.02   ~ 111 0
121 NGC 6300 Sy2 17 16 59.473 -62 49 13.98   10.88 13.08 9.44 10.2 ~ 363 0
122 ICRF J181935.0-634548 Sy2 18 19 35.00241 -63 45 48.1926   16.80   13.4   ~ 133 1
123 ICRF J183503.3+324146 Sy1 18 35 03.3896681512 +32 41 46.856048508   16.50 15.39 10.50   ~ 586 1
124 FRL 49 Sy2 18 36 58.2344504326 -59 24 08.288330694   11.1   14.19   ~ 212 0
125 ESO 103-35 Sy2 18 38 20.3207055742 -65 25 39.142872479   14.75 14.53 13.24   ~ 275 0
126 ICRF J184208.9+794617 Sy1 18 42 08.9910523393 +79 46 17.129210139   16.06 15.38     ~ 1216 0
127 ESO 140-43 Sy1 18 44 53.9893682398 -62 21 52.871742814   14.14 14.10 12.94 13.1 ~ 214 0
128 ESO 141-55 Sy1 19 21 14.1471805047 -58 40 12.981632705   14.36 13.64 13.28   ~ 322 0
129 NAME Superantennae Sy2 19 31 21.4252803168 -72 39 21.448768732   17.39 16.37 14.65   ~ 276 2
130 NGC 6814 Sy1 19 42 40.5857305428 -10 19 25.102133898   15.33 14.21 11.7 11.3 ~ 725 0
131 3C 403.0 Sy2 19 52 15.7997953344 +02 30 24.235518851   15.42 16.5     ~ 296 1
132 NAME Cyg A Sy2 19 59 28.35645829 +40 44 02.0966496   16.22 15.10     ~ 2129 2
133 NGC 6860 Sy1 20 08 46.8871284892 -61 05 59.781540363   13.70 13.53 12.14   ~ 147 0
134 NGC 6890 Sy2 20 18 18.1048952350 -44 48 24.732671687   13.06 14.02 11.57   ~ 153 0
135 Mrk 509 Sy1 20 44 09.7504131334 -10 43 24.724854084   13.35 13.12 10.7   ~ 1135 0
136 IC 5063 Sy2 20 52 02.329 -57 04 07.60   12.92 13.60 11.30   ~ 550 1
137 Mrk 1513 Sy1 21 32 27.8163185343 +10 08 19.250705656   14.92 14.64     ~ 545 0
138 MCG-06-48-013 Sy2 22 01 17.0655171023 -37 46 23.875024457   14.90 14.03     ~ 80 3
139 NGC 7172 Sy2 22 02 01.897 -31 52 11.60   12.72 13.61 11.15   ~ 471 1
140 NGC 7212 Sy2 22 07 01.9866638486 +10 14 00.849716443   15.1       ~ 164 1
141 NGC 7213 Sy1 22 09 16.2106632887 -47 10 00.082166299   10.97 12.08 10.50 10.6 ~ 599 0
142 Mrk 304 Sy1 22 17 12.2638362727 +14 14 20.918554073   15.02 14.66     ~ 321 0
143 LEDA 68751 Sy1 22 23 49.7 -02 06 13   16.93 15.77 16.02   ~ 434 2
144 NGC 7314 Sy1 22 35 46.1969940596 -26 03 01.574026329   11.62 13.11 10.61 11.4 ~ 508 0
145 Mrk 915 Sy1 22 36 46.4986730218 -12 32 42.886396018   15.35 14.50 13.6   ~ 137 0
146 3C 452 Sy2 22 45 48.787 +39 41 15.36   17.60 16.56     ~ 340 1
147 NAME MR 2251-178 Sy1 22 54 05.8858021308 -17 34 55.403006841   14.99 14.36 15.12   ~ 378 3
148 NGC 7469 Sy1 23 03 15.674 +08 52 25.28 12.60 13.00 12.34     ~ 1902 3
149 Mrk 926 Sy1 23 04 43.4773393553 -08 41 08.632325890   16.20 15.91 9.4   ~ 402 0
150 NGC 7479 Sy2 23 04 56.668 +12 19 22.36 11.74 11.60 10.85 10.47 9.66 ~ 672 2
151 Z 379-29 Sy2 23 05 18.8337081466 +00 11 22.173362487   16.06 15.03     ~ 60 0
152 NGC 7674 Sy2 23 27 56.6974755223 +08 46 44.238278540 13.84 13.92 13.23 12.64   ~ 642 4

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2020.10.19-18:58:02

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