SIMBAD references

2016ApJ...822L..31P - Astrophys. J., 822, L31-L31 (2016/May-2)

A rich globular cluster system in Dragonfly 17: are ultra-diffuse galaxies pure stellar halos?

PENG E.W. and LIM S.

Abstract (from CDS):

Observations of nearby galaxy clusters at low surface brightness have identified galaxies with low luminosities, but sizes as large as L * galaxies, leading them to be dubbed "ultra-diffuse galaxies" (UDGs). The survival of UDGs in dense environments like the Coma cluster suggests that UDGs could reside in much more massive dark halos. We report the detection of a substantial population of globular clusters (GCs) around a Coma UDG, Dragonfly 17 (DF17). We find that DF17 has a high GC specific frequency of SN=26±13. The GC system is extended, with an effective radius of 12''±2'', or 5.6±0.9 kpc at Coma distance, 70% larger than the galaxy itself. We also estimate the mean of the GC luminosity function to infer a distance of {97}_{-14}^{+17} Mpc, providing redshift-independent confirmation that one of these UDGs is in the Coma cluster. The presence of a rich GC system in DF17 indicates that, despite its low stellar density, star formation was intense enough to form many massive star clusters. If DF17's ratio of total GC mass to total halo mass is similar to those in other galaxies, then DF17 has an inferred total mass of ∼1011 M, only ∼10% the mass of the Milky Way, but extremely dominated by dark matter, with M/LV ≃ 1000. We suggest that UDGs like DF17 may be "pure stellar halos," i.e., galaxies that formed their stellar halo components, but then suffered an early cessation in star formation that prevented the formation of any substantial central disk or bulge.

Abstract Copyright: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: evolution - galaxies: halos - galaxies: star clusters: general - galaxies: stellar content - globular clusters: general

Simbad objects: 12

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