Astrophys. J., 823, 16-16 (2016/May-3)
Rotation periods for cool stars in the 4 gyr old open cluster M67, the solar-stellar connection, and the applicability of gyrochronology to at least solar age.
BARNES S.A., WEINGRILL J., FRITZEWSKI D., STRASSMEIER K.G. and PLATAIS I.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report rotation periods for 20 cool (FGK) main sequence member stars of the 4 Gyr-old open cluster M67 (=NGC 2682), obtained by analyzing data from Campaign 5 of the K2 mission with the Kepler Space Telescope. The rotation periods delineate a sequence in the color-period diagram (CPD) of increasing period with redder color. This sequence represents a cross-section at the cluster age of the surface P=P(t, M), suggested in prior work to extend to at least solar age. The current Sun is located marginally (approximately 1σ) above M67 in the CPD, as its relative age leads us to expect, and lies on the P=P(t, M) surface to within measurement precision. We therefore conclude that the solar rotation rate is normal as compared with cluster stars, a fact that strengthens the solar-stellar connection. The agreement between the M67 rotation period measurements and prior predictions further implies that rotation periods, especially when coupled with appropriate supporting work such as spectroscopy, can provide reliable ages via gyrochronology for other similar FGK dwarfs from the early main sequence to solar age and likely until the main sequence turnoff. The M67 rotators have a rotational age of 4.2 Gyr with a standard deviation of 0.7 Gyr, implying that similar field stars can be age-dated to precisions of ∼17%. The rotational age of the M67 cluster as a whole is therefore 4.2 Gyr, but with a lower (averaged) uncertainty of 0.2 Gyr.
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
open clusters and associations: individual: (M67, NGC 2682) - stars: activity - stars: evolution - stars: rotation - stars: solar-type - starspots
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