Astrophys. J., 824, 31-31 (2016/June-2)
Discovery of an extremely wide-angle bipolar outflow in AFGL 5142.
LIU T., ZHANG Q., KIM K.-T., WU Y., LEE C.-W., GOLDSMITH P.F., LI D., LIU S.-Y., CHEN H.-R., TATEMATSU K., WANG K., LEE J.-E., QIN S.-L., MARDONES D. and CHO S.-H.
Abstract (from CDS):
Most bipolar outflows are associated with individual young stellar objects and have small opening angles. Here we report the discovery of an extremely wide-angle (∼180°) bipolar outflow ("EWBO") in a cluster forming region AFGL 5142 from low-velocity emission of the HCN (3-2) and HCO+ (3-2) lines. This bipolar outflow is along a north-west to south-east direction with a line of sight flow velocity of about 3 km/s and is spatially connected to the high-velocity jet-like outflows. It seems to be a collection of low-velocity material entrained by the high-velocity outflows due to momentum feedback. The total ejected mass and mass loss rate due to both high-velocity jet-like outflows and the "EWBO" are ∼24.5 M☉ and ∼1.7 x 10–3 M☉/yr, respectively. Global collapse of the clump is revealed by the "blue profile" in the HCO+ (1-0) line. A hierarchical network of filaments was identified in NH3 (1, 1) emission. Clear velocity gradients of the order of 10 km/s pc–1 are found along filaments, indicating gas inflow along the filaments. The sum of the accretion rate along filaments and mass infall rate along the line of sight is ∼3.1 x 10–3 M☉/yr, which exceeds the total mass loss rate, indicating that the central cluster is probably still gaining mass. The central cluster is highly fragmented and 22 condensations are identified in 1.1 mm continuum emission. The fragmentation process seems to be determined by thermal pressure and turbulence. The magnetic field may not play an important role in fragmentation.
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
ISM: jets and outflows - ISM: kinematics and dynamics - stars: formation
Table 1: [ZHB2007] MM-NN (Nos 6-22) added.
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